English dictionary

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English adjective: back

1. back related to or located at the back

SamplesThe back yard.
The back entrance.

Similarbackmost, hindermost, hindmost, rear, rearmost, rearward

See alsoaft, posterior


2. back located at or near the back of an animal

SamplesBack (or hind) legs.
The hinder part of a carcass.

Synonymshind, hinder



3. back of an earlier date

SamplesBack issues of the magazine.



English noun: back

1. back (body) the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine

SamplesHis back was nicely tanned.


Broader (hypernym)body part

Part holonymdorsal vertebra, lat, latissimus dorsi, lumbar vertebra, saddle, small, thoracic vertebra

Part meronymbody, torso, trunk

2. back (artifact) the side that goes last or is not normally seen

SamplesHe wrote the date on the back of the photograph.


Broader (hypernym)side

Narrower (hyponym)after part, empennage, poop, quarter, stern, tail, tail, tail assembly


3. back (location) the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer

SamplesHe stood at the back of the stage.
It was hidden in the rear of the store.


Broader (hypernym)place, position


4. back (person) (football) a person who plays in the backfield

Broader (hypernym)football player, footballer

Narrower (hyponym)field general, flanker, flanker back, quarterback, running back, signal caller, tailback, wingback

Domain categoryfootball, football game

5. back (body) the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord

SamplesThe fall broke his back.

Synonymsbackbone, rachis, spinal column, spine, vertebral column

Broader (hypernym)skeletal structure

Narrower (hyponym)chine, notochord

Part holonymcanalis vertebralis, coccyx, intervertebral disc, intervertebral disk, spinal canal, tail bone, vertebra, vertebral canal

Part meronymaxial skeleton

6. back (artifact) the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book

SamplesThe book had a leather binding.

Synonymsbinding, book binding, cover

Broader (hypernym)protection, protective cover, protective covering

Narrower (hyponym)half binding, three-quarter binding

Part meronymbook, volume

7. back (artifact) the part of a garment that covers the back of your body

SamplesThey pinned a `kick me' sign on his back.

Broader (hypernym)cloth covering

8. back (artifact) a support that you can lean against while sitting

SamplesThe back of the dental chair was adjustable.


Broader (hypernym)support

Narrower (hyponym)cantle, ladder-back

Part meronymcar seat, chair

9. back (act) (American football) the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage

Broader (hypernym)position

Narrower (hyponym)field general, fullback, halfback, line backer, linebacker, quarterback, signal caller, tailback, wingback

Member meronymbackfield, secondary

Domain categoryAmerican football, American football game

English adverb: back

1. back in or to or toward a former location

SamplesShe went back to her parents' house.

2. back at or to or toward the back or rear

SamplesHe moved back.
Tripped when he stepped backward.
She looked rearward out the window of the car.

Synonymsbackward, backwards, rearward, rearwards

Antonymsforrad, forrard, forward, forwards, frontward, frontwards

3. back in or to or toward an original condition

SamplesHe went back to sleep.

4. back in or to or toward a past time

SamplesSet the clocks back an hour.
Never look back.
Lovers of the past looking fondly backward.


Antonymsahead, forward

5. back in reply

SamplesHe wrote back three days later.

6. back in repayment or retaliation

SamplesWe paid back everything we had borrowed.
He hit me and I hit him back.
I was kept in after school for talking back to the teacher.

English verb: back

1. back (social) be behind; approve of

SamplesHe plumped for the Labor Party.
I backed Kennedy in 1960.

Synonymsendorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)approve, O.K., okay, sanction

Narrower (hyponym)champion, defend, guarantee, warrant

Verb groupback, endorse, indorse, second

2. back (motion) travel backward

SamplesBack into the driveway.
The car backed up and hit the tree.

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

Narrower (hyponym)back out

Verb groupback

3. back (social) give support or one's approval to

SamplesI'll second that motion.
I can't back this plan.
Endorse a new project.

Synonymsendorse, indorse, second

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)back up, support

Verb groupback, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support

4. back (motion) cause to travel backward

SamplesBack the car into the parking spot.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP


Verb groupback

Antonymsbring forward, advance

5. back (possession) support financial backing for

SamplesBack this enterprise.

ExamplesSam and Sue back the movie

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)finance

6. back (stative) be in back of

SamplesMy garage backs their yard.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)lie

Antonymsfront, face, look

7. back (competition) place a bet on

SamplesWhich horse are you backing?.
I'm betting on the new horse.

Synonymsbet on, gage, game, punt, stake

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s on something

Broader (hypernym)bet, play, wager

Narrower (hyponym)ante, double up, parlay

8. back (change) shift to a counterclockwise direction

SamplesThe wind backed.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change over, shift, switch


9. back (change) establish as valid or genuine

SamplesCan you back up your claims?.

Synonymsback up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)affirm, confirm, corroborate, substantiate, support, sustain

10. back (change) strengthen by providing with a back or backing

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)strengthen

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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