English dictionary

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English noun: ray

1. ray (phenomenon) a column of light (as from a beacon)

Synonymsbeam, beam of light, irradiation, light beam, ray of light, shaft, shaft of light

Broader (hypernym)light, visible light, visible radiation

Narrower (hyponym)heat ray, high beam, laser beam, low beam, moon ray, moon-ray, moonbeam, sunbeam, sunray

2. ray (plant) a branch of an umbel or an umbelliform inflorescence

Broader (hypernym)pedicel, pedicle

3. ray (shape) (mathematics) a straight line extending from a point

Broader (hypernym)vector

Domain categorymath, mathematics, maths

4. ray (phenomenon) a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation

Synonymsbeam, electron beam

Broader (hypernym)electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic wave, nonparticulate radiation

Narrower (hyponym)cathode ray, particle beam

5. ray (communication) the syllable naming the second (supertonic) note of any major scale in solmization


Broader (hypernym)solfa syllable

6. ray (animal) any of the stiff bony spines in the fin of a fish

Broader (hypernym)spine

Part meronymfin

7. ray (animal) cartilaginous fishes having horizontally flattened bodies and enlarged winglike pectoral fins with gills on the underside; most swim by moving the pectoral fins

Broader (hypernym)elasmobranch, selachian

Narrower (hyponym)crampfish, devilfish, eagle ray, electric ray, guitarfish, manta, manta ray, numbfish, sawfish, skate, stingray, torpedo

English verb: ray

1. ray (weather) emit as rays

SamplesThat tower rays a laser beam for miles across the sky.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)emit, give off, give out

2. ray (stative) extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center

SamplesSpokes radiate from the hub of the wheel.
This plants radiate spines in all directions.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)extend, go, lead, pass, run

3. ray (change) expose to radiation

SamplesIrradiate food.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)process, treat

Narrower (hyponym)bombard

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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