English dictionary

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English noun: function

1. function (mathematics) a mathematical relation such that each element of a given set (the domain of the function) is associated with an element of another set (the range of the function)

Synonymsmap, mapping, mathematical function, single-valued function

Broader (hypernym)mathematical relation

Narrower (hyponym)circular function, expansion, exponential, exponential function, inverse function, isometry, Kronecker delta, metric, metric function, multinomial, operator, polynomial, threshold function, transformation, trigonometric function

Domain categorymath, mathematics, maths

2. function (attribute) what something is used for

SamplesThe function of an auger is to bore holes.
Ballet is beautiful but what use is it?.

Synonymspurpose, role, use

Broader (hypernym)usefulness, utility

Narrower (hyponym)raison d'etre

Attributefunctional, nonfunctional

3. function (act) the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group

SamplesThe function of a teacher.
The government must do its part.
Play its role.

Synonymsoffice, part, role

Broader (hypernym)duty

Narrower (hyponym)capacity, hat, lieu, place, portfolio, position, second fiddle, stead

4. function a relation such that one thing is dependent on another

SamplesHeight is a function of age.
Price is a function of supply and demand.

Broader (hypernym)relation

5. function (group) a formal or official social gathering or ceremony

SamplesIt was a black-tie function.

Broader (hypernym)social affair, social gathering

6. function (event) a vaguely specified social event

SamplesThe party was quite an affair.
An occasion arranged to honor the president.
A seemingly endless round of social functions.

Synonymsaffair, occasion, social function, social occasion

Broader (hypernym)social event

Narrower (hyponym)celebration, ceremonial, ceremonial occasion, ceremony, fundraiser, jubilation, observance, party, photo op, photo opportunity, sleepover

7. function (communication) a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program

Synonymsprocedure, routine, subprogram, subroutine

Broader (hypernym)computer software, package, software, software package, software program, software system

Narrower (hyponym)cataloged procedure, contingency procedure, executive routine, library routine, random number generator, recursive routine, reusable routine, service routine, supervisory routine, tracing routine, utility routine

Part meronymcomputer program, computer programme, program, programme

English verb: function

1. function (contact) perform as expected when applied

SamplesThe washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in.
Does this old car still run well?.
This old radio doesn't work anymore.

ExamplesThese cars won't function

Synonymsgo, operate, run, work

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Narrower (hyponym)cut, double, roll, run, serve, service

Verb grouprun, work

Antonymsmalfunction, misfunction

2. function (stative) serve a purpose, role, or function

SamplesThe tree stump serves as a table.
The female students served as a control group.
This table would serve very well.
His freedom served him well.
The table functions as a desk.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)answer, do, serve, suffice

Narrower (hyponym)act as, prelude

Verb groupserve, service

3. function (competition) perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function

SamplesHis wife officiated as his private secretary.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)serve

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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