English dictionary

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English noun: shrink

1. shrink (person) a physician who specializes in psychiatry

Synonymshead-shrinker, psychiatrist

Broader (hypernym)medical specialist, specialist

Narrower (hyponym)alienist, analyst, psychoanalyst

Instance hyponymCharles Frederick Menninger, Charles Menninger, Harry Stack Sullivan, Horney, Jaspers, Karen Danielsen Horney, Karen Horney, Karl Augustus Menninger, Karl Jaspers, Karl Menninger, Karl Theodor Jaspers, Menninger, Menninger, Menninger, Sullivan, William Claire Menninger, William Menninger

English verb: shrink

1. shrink (change) wither, as with a loss of moisture

SamplesThe fruit dried and shriveled.

Synonymsshrivel, shrivel up, wither

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

Narrower (hyponym)atrophy, blast, die back, die down, dry up, mummify

2. shrink (motion) draw back, as with fear or pain

SamplesShe flinched when they showed the slaughtering of the calf.

Synonymscringe, flinch, funk, quail, recoil, squinch, wince

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)retract, shrink back

3. shrink (change) reduce in size; reduce physically

SamplesHot water will shrink the sweater.
Can you shrink this image?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)decrease, lessen, minify

Narrower (hyponym)contract, depopulate, desolate, downsize, miniaturise, miniaturize, reduce, reef, scale down

Causecontract, shrink

4. shrink (change) become smaller or draw together

SamplesThe fabric shrank.
The balloon shrank.

ExamplesThese fabrics shrink easily


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

Narrower (hyponym)flex

Antonymsexpand, spread out, stretch

5. shrink (change) decrease in size, range, or extent

SamplesHis earnings shrank.
My courage shrivelled when I saw the task before me.

ExamplesTheir earnings shrink this year


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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