English dictionary



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English verb: weaken

1. weaken (change) lessen the strength of


SamplesThe fever weakened his body.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify


Narrower (hyponym)attenuate, blunt, break, castrate, cripple, cut, dampen, de-energise, de-energize, debilitate, depress, devitalise, devitalize, dilute, drain, emasculate, enervate, enfeeble, etiolate, mollify, negate, neutralise, neutralize, nullify, rarefy, reduce, season, shake, stultify, temper, thin, thin out, unbrace, wash out


Causeweaken


Antonymsbeef up, fortify, strengthen

2. weaken (change) become weaker


SamplesThe prisoner's resistance weakened after seven days.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)decrease, diminish, fall, lessen


Narrower (hyponym)attenuate, blur, collapse, die down, dim, disappear, dull, evaporate, fade, languish, lessen, loose, loosen, melt, melt, pall, pine away, relax, slack, slacken, slacken, slow, slow down, slow up, slur, subside, waste, wilt


Antonymsstrengthen

3. weaken (social) destroy property or hinder normal operations


SamplesThe Resistance sabotaged railroad operations during the war.


Synonymscounteract, countermine, sabotage, subvert, undermine


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)disobey


Narrower (hyponym)derail

4. weaken (change) reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of


SamplesDe-escalate a crisis.


Synonymsde-escalate, step down


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)decrease, lessen, minify


Antonymsescalate, intensify, step up

5. weaken (change) lessen in force or effect


SamplesSoften a shock.
Break a fall.


Synonymsbreak, damp, dampen, soften


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)blunt, deaden


Narrower (hyponym)damp, dampen, deaden, deafen









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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