English dictionary

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English verb: shorten

1. shorten (change) make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration

SamplesHe shortened his trip due to illness.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bring down, cut, cut back, cut down, reduce, trim, trim back, trim down

Narrower (hyponym)clip, curtail, cut short, cut short, foreshorten, syncopate, truncate



2. shorten (change) reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

SamplesThe manuscript must be shortened.

Synonymsabbreviate, abridge, contract, cut, foreshorten, reduce

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)decrease, lessen, minify

Narrower (hyponym)bowdlerise, bowdlerize, castrate, concentrate, condense, digest, expurgate, shorten

Verb groupcut, edit, edit out

Antonymselaborate, expatiate, expound, lucubrate, dilate, exposit, flesh out, enlarge, expand

3. shorten (change) make short or shorter

SamplesShorten the skirt.
Shorten the rope by a few inches.

ExamplesThey shorten their hair

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)cut

4. shorten (change) become short or shorter

SamplesIn winter, the days shorten.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)decrease, diminish, fall, lessen


5. shorten (change) edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

SamplesBowdlerize a novel.

ExamplesThey won't shorten the story

Synonymsbowdlerise, bowdlerize, castrate, expurgate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)abbreviate, abridge, contract, cut, foreshorten, reduce, shorten

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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