English dictionary

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English noun: process

1. process (act) a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

SamplesThe procedure of obtaining a driver's license.
It was a process of trial and error.


Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)Bertillon system, calculation, chromosome mapping, computation, computing, condition, diagnostic procedure, diagnostic technique, emergency procedure, experimental condition, experimental procedure, fingerprinting, formula, genetic fingerprinting, genetic profiling, indirection, mapping, medical procedure, modus operandi, operating procedure, rigamarole, rigmarole, routine, rule, stiffening

2. process (cognition) (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents

SamplesThe process of thinking.
The cognitive operation of remembering.

Synonymscognitive operation, cognitive process, mental process, operation

Broader (hypernym)cognition, knowledge, noesis

Narrower (hyponym)basic cognitive process, higher cognitive process

Domain categorypsychological science, psychology

3. process (communication) a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant


Broader (hypernym)judicial writ, writ

Narrower (hyponym)citation, monition, process of monition, ticket

Domain categoryjurisprudence, law

4. process (cognition) a mental process that you are not directly aware of

SamplesThe process of denial.

Synonymsunconscious process

Broader (hypernym)cognition, knowledge, noesis

Narrower (hyponym)condensation, defence, defence mechanism, defence reaction, defense, defense mechanism, defense reaction, sleep talking, somniloquism, somniloquy

5. process (body) a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant

SamplesA bony process.

Synonymsappendage, outgrowth

Broader (hypernym)body part

Narrower (hyponym)acromial process, acromion, acrosome, aculea, ala, alveolar arch, alveolar process, alveolar ridge, apophysis, appendix, arista, caruncle, caruncula, cecal appendage, cirrus, condyle, coronoid process, crest, eminence, enation, epicondyle, excrescence, fetlock, fimbria, flagellum, gum ridge, hair, horn, horn, mastoid, mastoid bone, mastoid process, mastoidal, metaphysis, odontoid process, olecranon, olecranon process, osteophyte, papilla, papilla, papilla, plant process, processus coronoideus, pseudopod, pseudopodium, pterygoid process, ridge, spicule, spiculum, spine, style, styloid process, tail, tentacle, transverse process, trochanter, tubercle, tuberosity, vermiform appendix, vermiform process, villus, zygomatic process

6. process a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states

SamplesEvents now in process.
The process of calcification begins later for boys than for girls.

Synonymsphysical process

Broader (hypernym)physical entity

Narrower (hyponym)action, activity, biological process, chelation, dealignment, decrease, decrement, defining, degeneration, development, devolution, economic process, encapsulation, evolution, execution, functioning, growth, human process, increase, increment, industrial process, instruction execution, irreversible process, iteration, iteration, loop, looping, natural action, natural process, operation, organic process, performance, phenomenon, photography, processing, reversible process, sensitisation, sensitization, shaping, variation

English verb: process

1. process (change) subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition

SamplesProcess cheese.
Process hair.
Treat the water so it can be drunk.
Treat the lawn with chemicals.
Treat an oil spill.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on

Narrower (hyponym)aerate, Agenise, Agenize, air-condition, ammoniate, beneficiate, bituminise, bituminize, bromate, brominate, camphorate, carbonate, carboxylate, chlorinate, chrome, creosote, curry, digest, dose, fluoridate, fluoridise, fluoridize, fume, fumigate, iodise, iodize, irradiate, malt, mercerise, mercerize, nitrate, nitrify, nitrogenise, nitrogenize, oxygenate, oxygenise, oxygenize, propagate, ray, refine, reverberate, run, scald, seed, sulfur, sulphur, tank, vulcanise, vulcanize

2. process (social) deal with in a routine way

SamplesI'll handle that one.
Process a loan.
Process the applicants.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)care, deal, handle, manage

3. process (cognition) perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information

SamplesThe results of the elections were still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)calculate, cipher, compute, cypher, figure, reckon, work out

4. process (social) institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against

SamplesHe was warned that the district attorney would process him.
She actioned the company for discrimination.

Synonymsaction, litigate, sue

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)challenge

Narrower (hyponym)expedite

Verb grouplitigate

5. process (motion) march in a procession

SamplesThey processed into the dining room.

ExamplesThe children process to the playground


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)walk

Narrower (hyponym)countermarch, debouch, file, goose step, march out, parade, promenade, troop

6. process (creation) shape, form, or improve a material

SamplesWork stone into tools.
Process iron.
Work the metal.

Synonymswork, work on

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)transform, transmute, transubstantiate

Narrower (hyponym)cold work, coldwork, hot-work, make over, overwork, rack, retread, rework, till, tool

Verb groupforge, form, mold, mould, shape, work

7. process (contact) deliver a warrant or summons to someone

SamplesHe was processed by the sheriff.

Synonymsserve, swear out

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody with something

Broader (hypernym)deliver

Narrower (hyponym)rinse, subpoena, wash

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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