English dictionary

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English verb: learn

1. learn (cognition) gain knowledge or skills

SamplesShe learned dancing from her sister.
I learned Sanskrit.
Children acquire language at an amazing rate.

ExamplesThey learn to move

Synonymsacquire, larn

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Narrower (hyponym)absorb, assimilate, catch up, hit the books, ingest, relearn, study, take in

2. learn (cognition) get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally

SamplesI learned that she has two grown-up children.
I see that you have been promoted.

ExamplesThey learn that there was a traffic accident

Synonymsdiscover, find out, get a line, get wind, get word, hear, pick up, see

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Narrower (hyponym)ascertain, catch, discover, find, get the goods, trip up, wise up

Verb groupfind, see, witness

3. learn (cognition) commit to memory; learn by heart

SamplesHave you memorized your lines for the play yet?.

Synonymscon, memorise, memorize

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hit the books, study

Narrower (hyponym)alternate, understudy

4. learn (cognition) be a student of a certain subject

SamplesShe is reading for the bar exam.

Synonymsread, study, take

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)audit, drill, exercise, practice, practise, prepare, train

5. learn (communication) impart skills or knowledge to

SamplesI taught them French.
He instructed me in building a boat.

Synonymsinstruct, teach

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)inform

Narrower (hyponym)catechise, catechize, coach, condition, develop, drill, edify, educate, enlighten, ground, indoctrinate, induct, lecture, mentor, prepare, reinforce, reward, spoonfeed, talk, train, train, tutor, unteach, unteach

Causeacquire, larn, learn

6. learn (communication) find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort

SamplesI want to see whether she speaks French.
See whether it works.
Find out if he speaks Russian.
Check whether the train leaves on time.

ExamplesThey learn whether there was a traffic accident

Synonymsascertain, check, determine, find out, see, watch

Pattern of useSomebody ----s whether INFINITIVE

Narrower (hyponym)test

Verb groupascertain, ascertain, assure, check, control, determine, ensure, find, find out, insure, see, see to it

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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