English dictionary

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English noun: shaft

1. shaft (communication) a line that forms the length of an arrow pointer

Broader (hypernym)line

Part meronymarrow, pointer

2. shaft (communication) an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect

SamplesHis parting shot was `drop dead'.
She threw shafts of sarcasm.
She takes a dig at me every chance she gets.

Synonymsbarb, dig, gibe, jibe, shot, slam

Broader (hypernym)comment, input, remark

Narrower (hyponym)cheap shot

3. shaft (artifact) a long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow)

Broader (hypernym)rod

Narrower (hyponym)axle, thill

4. shaft (phenomenon) a column of light (as from a beacon)

Synonymsbeam, beam of light, irradiation, light beam, ray, ray of light, shaft of light

Broader (hypernym)light, visible light, visible radiation

Narrower (hyponym)heat ray, high beam, laser beam, low beam, moon ray, moon-ray, moonbeam, sunbeam, sunray

5. shaft (body) the main (mid) section of a long bone


Broader (hypernym)long bone, os longum

6. shaft (body) obscene terms for penis

Synonymscock, dick, pecker, peter, prick, putz, tool

Broader (hypernym)member, penis, phallus

Domain usagedirty word, filth, obscenity, smut, vulgarism

7. shaft (artifact) a long pointed rod used as a tool or weapon

Synonymslance, spear

Broader (hypernym)arm, weapon, weapon system

Narrower (hyponym)assagai, assegai, javelin, trident

Part holonymbarb, spear-point, spearhead, spearpoint

8. shaft (artifact) a vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator)

Broader (hypernym)passageway

Narrower (hyponym)elevator shaft, ventilation shaft, well

Part meronymbuilding, edifice

9. shaft (artifact) (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column


Broader (hypernym)upright, vertical

Part meronymcolumn, pillar

Domain categoryarchitecture

10. shaft (artifact) a long vertical passage sunk into the earth, as for a mine or tunnel

Broader (hypernym)passage

Narrower (hyponym)air shaft, air well, downcast

Part meronymmine, tunnel

11. shaft (artifact) a revolving rod that transmits power or motion

Synonymsrotating shaft

Broader (hypernym)rod

Narrower (hyponym)arbor, camshaft, crankshaft, driveshaft, mandrel, mandril, spindle, transmission shaft

Part meronymrotating mechanism

12. shaft (animal) the hollow spine of a feather

Synonymscalamus, quill

Broader (hypernym)rib

Part meronymfeather, plumage, plume

English verb: shaft

1. shaft (possession) equip with a shaft

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)equip, fit, fit out, outfit

2. shaft (competition) defeat someone through trickery or deceit

Synonymscheat, chicane, chouse, jockey, screw

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)beat, beat out, crush, shell, trounce, vanquish

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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