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English noun: shell

1. shell (artifact) ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge and a projectile; fired from a large gun


Broader (hypernym)ammo, ammunition


Narrower (hyponym)artillery shell, shotgun shell, shrapnel, tank shell, whizbang, whizbang shell, whizzbang

2. shell (substance) the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals


Broader (hypernym)animal material


Narrower (hyponym)mother-of-pearl, nacre


Substance meronymcarapace, cuticle, shell, shield

3. shell (animal) hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles


Synonymscarapace, cuticle, shield


Broader (hypernym)scute


Narrower (hyponym)cuticula


Part meronymarthropod, mollusc, mollusk, shellfish, turtle


Substance holonymshell

4. shell (plant) the hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts


Broader (hypernym)hull


Narrower (hyponym)nutshell

5. shell (object) the exterior covering of a bird's egg


Synonymseggshell


Broader (hypernym)cover, covering, natural covering


Part meronymegg, eggs

6. shell (object) a rigid covering that envelops an object


SamplesThe satellite is covered with a smooth shell of ice.


Broader (hypernym)cover, covering, natural covering

7. shell (artifact) a very light narrow racing boat


Synonymsracing shell


Broader (hypernym)racing boat


Narrower (hyponym)racing skiff, scull, single shell


Part holonymsliding seat

8. shell (artifact) the housing or outer covering of something


SamplesThe clock has a walnut case.


Synonymscase, casing


Broader (hypernym)housing


Narrower (hyponym)boot, gear box, gear case, gearbox, jacket


Part meronymgrandfather clock, longcase clock

9. shell (artifact) a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)


Synonymsplate, scale


Broader (hypernym)shield


Narrower (hyponym)armor plate, armor plating, armour plate, horseshoe, plate armor, plate armour, shell plating, shoe

10. shell (animal) the hard largely calcareous covering of a mollusc or a brachiopod


Broader (hypernym)cover, covering, natural covering


Narrower (hyponym)clamshell, oyster shell, phragmacone, phragmocone, scallop shell, seashell, valve, valve


English verb: shell

1. shell (competition) use explosives on


SamplesThe enemy has been shelling us all day.


Synonymsblast


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bomb, bombard


Narrower (hyponym)crump

2. shell (creation) create by using explosives


SamplesBlast a passage through the mountain.


Synonymsblast


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)create, make

3. shell (contact) fall out of the pod or husk


SamplesThe corn shelled.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)emerge

4. shell (contact) hit the pitches of hard and regularly


SamplesHe shelled the pitcher for eight runs in the first inning.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)hit

5. shell (contact) look for and collect shells by the seashore


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)gather

6. shell (competition) come out better in a competition, race, or conflict


SamplesAgassi beat Becker in the tennis championship.
We beat the competition.
Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game.


Synonymsbeat, beat out, crush, trounce, vanquish


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)defeat, get the better of, overcome


Narrower (hyponym)bat, best, cheat, checkmate, chicane, chouse, clobber, cream, drub, eliminate, exceed, get over, get the best, get the jump, have the best, immobilise, immobilize, jockey, lick, master, mate, mop up, outdo, outdo, outfight, outflank, outgo, outmatch, outperform, outplay, outpoint, outscore, outstrip, overcome, overcome, overmaster, overpower, overwhelm, pip, rack up, rout, scoop, screw, shaft, spread-eagle, spreadeagle, subdue, surmount, surmount, surpass, thrash, trump, walk over, whip, whomp, worst


Entailwin


Verb groupbeat, circumvent, outfox, outsmart, outwit, overreach

7. shell (change) remove from its shell or outer covering


SamplesShell the legumes.
Shell mussels.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)remove, take, take away, withdraw


Narrower (hyponym)pod

8. shell (change) remove the husks from


SamplesHusk corn.


Synonymshusk


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)remove, take, take away, withdraw









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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