English dictionary

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English adjective: vertical

1. vertical at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line

SamplesA vertical camera angle.
The monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab.
Measure the perpendicular height.


Similarplumb, unsloped, upended, upright

See alsosteep, straight


Antonymshorizontal, inclined

2. vertical relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution

3. vertical upright in position or posture

SamplesAn erect stature.
Erect flower stalks.
For a dog, an erect tail indicates aggression.
A column still vertical amid the ruins.
He sat bolt upright.

Synonymserect, upright

Similarerectile, fastigiate, orthostatic, passant, rampant, rearing, semi-climbing, semi-erect, semi-upright, stand-up, standing, statant, straight, unbent, unbowed

Attributeattitude, position, posture


4. vertical of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group)

SamplesVertical social mobility.

Similarhierarchal, hierarchic, hierarchical

Antonymsnonhierarchic, nonhierarchical

English noun: vertical

1. vertical something that is oriented vertically

Broader (hypernym)orientation

2. vertical (artifact) a vertical structural member as a post or stake

SamplesThe ball sailed between the uprights.


Broader (hypernym)structural member

Narrower (hyponym)column, jamb, pillar, post, scantling, scape, shaft, stile, stud

Part meronymgoalpost

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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