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English noun: beam

1. beam (communication) a signal transmitted along a narrow path; guides airplane pilots in darkness or bad weather

Synonymsradio beam

Broader (hypernym)sign, signal, signaling

2. beam (artifact) long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in construction

Broader (hypernym)piece, structural member

Narrower (hyponym)balk, baulk, box beam, box girder, cantilever, crossbeam, crosspiece, girder, header, header, joist, keel, keelson, lintel, rafter, rider plate, ridge, ridgepole, rooftree, shore, shoring, tie, tie beam, timber, trave, traverse

Substance holonymwood

3. beam (phenomenon) a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation

Synonymselectron beam, ray

Broader (hypernym)electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic wave, nonparticulate radiation

Narrower (hyponym)cathode ray, particle beam

4. beam (phenomenon) a column of light (as from a beacon)

Synonymsbeam of light, irradiation, light beam, ray, ray of light, shaft, shaft of light

Broader (hypernym)light, visible light, visible radiation

Narrower (hyponym)heat ray, high beam, laser beam, low beam, moon ray, moon-ray, moonbeam, sunbeam, sunray

5. beam (attribute) (nautical) breadth amidships

Broader (hypernym)breadth, width

Domain categoryship

6. beam (artifact) the broad side of a ship

SamplesThey sighted land on the port beam.

Broader (hypernym)side

7. beam (artifact) a gymnastic apparatus used by women gymnasts

Synonymsbalance beam

Broader (hypernym)exerciser, gymnastic apparatus

English verb: beam

1. beam (body) smile radiantly; express joy through one's facial expression

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)smile

2. beam (weather) emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light

SamplesThe sun shone bright that day.
The fire beamed on their faces.

ExamplesLights beam on the horizon, The horizon is beaming with lights


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Narrower (hyponym)beacon, beat down, blaze, burn, flame, flare, flick, flicker, glare, glow, outshine, scintillate, shimmer, twinkle, winkle

3. beam (communication) express with a beaming face or smile

SamplesHe beamed his approval.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Broader (hypernym)evince, express, show

4. beam (communication) broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television

SamplesWe cannot air this X-rated song.

Synonymsair, broadcast, send, transmit

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)air, bare, publicise, publicize

Narrower (hyponym)interrogate, rebroadcast, rerun, satellite, sportscast, telecast, televise


Domain categorybroadcast medium, broadcasting

5. beam (perception) have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink

SamplesHer face glowed when she came out of the sauna.

Synonymsglow, radiate, shine

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)appear, look, seem

6. beam (emotion) experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion

SamplesShe was beaming with joy.
Her face radiated with happiness.

Synonymsglow, radiate, shine

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)experience, feel

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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