English dictionary



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English adjective: short

1. short primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration


SamplesA short life.
A short flight.
A short holiday.
A short story.
Only a few short months.


Similarabbreviated, brief, clipped, fleeting, fugitive, momentaneous, momentary, short and sweet, short-dated, short-range, short-run, short-term, shortened, truncated


Attributeduration, length


Antonymslong

2. short (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length


SamplesShort skirts.
Short hair.
The board was a foot short.
A short toss.


Similarabbreviated, brief, close, curtal, sawed-off, sawn-off, short-range, short-snouted, shortened, shortened, shortish, snub, stubby, telescoped, truncate, truncated


Attributelength


Antonymslong

3. short low in stature; not tall


SamplesHe was short and stocky.
Short in stature.
A short smokestack.
A little man.


Synonymslittle


Similarchunky, compact, dumpy, half-length, heavyset, low-set, pint-size, pint-sized, runty, sawed-off, sawn-off, short-stalked, squab, squabby, squat, squatty, stocky, stumpy, thick, thickset


See alsolow


Attributeheight, stature


Antonymstall

4. short not sufficient to meet a need


SamplesAn inadequate income.
A poor salary.
Money is short.
On short rations.
Food is in short supply.
Short on experience.


Synonymsinadequate, poor


Similardeficient, insufficient


Antonymssufficient

5. short (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range


SamplesA short memory.


Synonymsforgetful, unretentive


See alsoforgetful, mindless, unmindful


Antonymsrecollective, retentive, tenacious, long

6. short not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices


SamplesA short sale.
Short in cotton.


Domain categoryfinance


Antonymslong

7. short of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration


SamplesThe English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short.


Domain categoryphonetics


Antonymslong

8. short less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so


SamplesA light pound.
A scant cup of sugar.
Regularly gives short weight.


Synonymslight, scant


Similardeficient, insufficient


Antonymssufficient

9. short lacking foresight or scope


SamplesA short view of the problem.
Shortsighted policies.
Shortsighted critics derided the plan.
Myopic thinking.


Synonymsmyopic, shortsighted, unforesightful


Similarimprovident


Antonymsprovident

10. short tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening


SamplesShortbread is a short crumbly cookie.
A short flaky pie crust.


Similarbreakable


Antonymsunbreakable

11. short marked by rude or peremptory shortness


SamplesTry to cultivate a less brusque manner.
A curt reply.
The salesgirl was very short with him.


Synonymsbrusk, brusque, curt


Similardiscourteous


Antonymscourteous


English noun: short

1. short (artifact) the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed


Broader (hypernym)parcel, parcel of land, piece of ground, piece of land, tract


Part meronymbaseball diamond, diamond, infield

2. short (artifact) accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference


Synonymsshort circuit


Broader (hypernym)contact, tangency


Part meronymcircuit, electric circuit, electrical circuit

3. short (act) the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base


Synonymsshortstop


Broader (hypernym)position


Member meronymbaseball team


English adverb: short

1. short quickly and without warning


SamplesHe stopped suddenly.


Synonymsabruptly, dead, suddenly

2. short without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold


SamplesHe made his fortune by selling short just before the crash.


Domain categoryfinance

3. short clean across


SamplesThe car's axle snapped short.

4. short at some point or distance before a goal is reached


SamplesHe fell short of our expectations.

5. short so as to interrupt


SamplesShe took him up short before he could continue.

6. short at a disadvantage


SamplesI was caught short.


Synonymsunawares

7. short in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner


SamplesHe told me curtly to get on with it.
He talked short with everyone.
He said shortly that he didn't like it.


Synonymscurtly, shortly


English verb: short

1. short (social) cheat someone by not returning him enough money


Synonymsshort-change


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)bunco, con, defraud, diddle, gip, goldbrick, gyp, hornswoggle, mulct, nobble, rook, scam, short-change, swindle, victimize

2. short (creation) create a short circuit in


Synonymsshort-circuit


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)create, make









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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