English dictionary

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English noun: fire

1. fire (event) the event of something burning (often destructive)

SamplesThey lost everything in the fire.

Broader (hypernym)happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent

Narrower (hyponym)backfire, balefire, bonfire, brush fire, campfire, conflagration, forest fire, grassfire, inferno, prairie fire, smolder, smoulder, smudge

2. fire (act) the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy

SamplesHold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes.
They retreated in the face of withering enemy fire.


Broader (hypernym)attack, onrush, onset, onslaught

Narrower (hyponym)antiaircraft fire, artillery fire, barrage, barrage fire, battery, bombardment, broadside, burst, call fire, cannon fire, concentrated fire, counterfire, counterpreparation fire, cover, covering fire, crossfire, destruction fire, direct fire, distributed fire, fratricide, friendly fire, fusillade, grazing fire, harassing fire, hostile fire, indirect fire, interdiction fire, massed fire, neutralization fire, observed fire, preparation fire, radar fire, registration fire, salvo, scheduled fire, searching fire, shelling, supporting fire, suppressive fire, unobserved fire, volley

3. fire (process) the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke

SamplesFire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries.

Synonymsflame, flaming

Broader (hypernym)burning, combustion

Narrower (hyponym)blaze, blazing, flare, ignition

4. fire (artifact) a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning

SamplesThey sat by the fire and talked.

Broader (hypernym)fireplace, hearth, open fireplace

Narrower (hyponym)cookfire

5. fire (substance) once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)

Broader (hypernym)element

Domain usagearchaicism, archaism

6. fire (feeling) feelings of great warmth and intensity

SamplesHe spoke with great ardor.

Synonymsardor, ardour, fervency, fervidness, fervor, fervour

Broader (hypernym)passion, passionateness

Narrower (hyponym)zeal

7. fire (substance) fuel that is burning and is used as a means for cooking

SamplesPut the kettle on the fire.
Barbecue over an open fire.

Broader (hypernym)fuel

8. fire (event) a severe trial

SamplesHe went through fire and damnation.

Broader (hypernym)trial, tribulation, visitation

9. fire (communication) intense adverse criticism

SamplesClinton directed his fire at the Republican Party.
The government has come under attack.
Don't give me any flak.

Synonymsattack, blast, flack, flak

Broader (hypernym)criticism, unfavorable judgment

English verb: fire

1. fire (competition) start firing a weapon

Synonymsopen fire

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)blast, shoot

2. fire (competition) cause to go off

SamplesFire a gun.
Fire a bullet.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)blast, fusillade, let drive, let fly, loose off, pop, shoot

Causedischarge, fire, go off

3. fire (change) bake in a kiln so as to harden

SamplesFire pottery.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bake

Domain categorycookery, cooking, preparation

4. fire (social) terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position

SamplesThe boss fired his secretary today.
The company terminated 25% of its workers.

Synonymscan, dismiss, displace, force out, give notice, give the axe, give the sack, sack, send away, terminate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)remove

Narrower (hyponym)clean out, dismiss, drop, furlough, lay off, pension off, retire, send away, send packing, squeeze out

Antonymshire, employ, engage

5. fire (competition) go off or discharge

SamplesThe gun fired.

Synonymsdischarge, go off

Pattern of useSomething ----s

6. fire (motion) drive out or away by or as if by fire

SamplesThe soldiers were fired.
Surrender fires the cold skepticism.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)chase away, dispel, drive away, drive off, drive out, run off, turn back

7. fire (emotion) call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)

SamplesArouse pity.
Raise a smile.
Evoke sympathy.

Synonymsarouse, elicit, enkindle, evoke, kindle, provoke, raise

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)create, make

Narrower (hyponym)anger, ask for, bruise, discomfit, discompose, disconcert, draw, excite, excite, fire up, heat, hurt, ignite, infatuate, inflame, injure, interest, invite, offend, overcome, overpower, overtake, overwhelm, prick, rekindle, shake, shake up, shame, spite, stimulate, stir, stir up, strike a chord, sweep over, touch a chord, untune, upset, wake, whelm, wound

8. fire (change) destroy by fire

SamplesThey burned the house and his diaries.

ExamplesThey fire the trees

Synonymsburn, burn down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)destroy, ruin

Narrower (hyponym)backfire, cremate, scorch, torch

Verb groupburn, burn, combust, incinerate

9. fire (possession) provide with fuel

SamplesOil fires the furnace.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)furnish, provide, render, supply

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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