English dictionary

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English noun: shame

1. shame (feeling) a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guilt

Broader (hypernym)feeling

Narrower (hyponym)conscience, embarrassment, self-disgust, self-hatred

2. shame (state) a state of dishonor

SamplesOne mistake brought shame to all his family.
Suffered the ignominy of being sent to prison.

Synonymsdisgrace, ignominy

Broader (hypernym)dishonor, dishonour

Narrower (hyponym)humiliation, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, reproach

3. shame (event) an unfortunate development

SamplesIt's a pity he couldn't do it.


Broader (hypernym)bad luck, misfortune

English verb: shame

1. shame (social) bring shame or dishonor upon

SamplesHe dishonored his family by committing a serious crime.

ExamplesThe performance is likely to shame Sue

Synonymsattaint, disgrace, dishonor, dishonour

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)befoul, defile, foul, maculate

Antonymshonor, honour, reward

2. shame (social) compel through a sense of shame

SamplesShe shamed him into making amends.

ExamplesThey shame him to write the letter, The performance is likely to shame Sue

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody into V-ing something

Broader (hypernym)compel, obligate, oblige

3. shame (emotion) cause to be ashamed

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)arouse, elicit, enkindle, evoke, fire, kindle, provoke, raise

Narrower (hyponym)discountenance

4. shame (competition) surpass or beat by a wide margin

ExamplesSam cannot shame Sue

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)exceed, outdo, outgo, outmatch, outperform, outstrip, surmount, surpass

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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