English dictionary

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English noun: preparation

1. preparation (act) the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose

SamplesPreparations for the ceremony had begun.


Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)deployment, fire control, groundwork, makeready, planning, priming, prolusion, tune-up, turnaround, turnround, warm-up

2. preparation (substance) a substance prepared according to a formula

SamplesThe physician prescribed a commercial preparation of the medicine.


Broader (hypernym)chemical compound, compound

Narrower (hyponym)cleaner, cleanser, cleansing agent, glycerinated gelatin, nebula, polish, smelling salts, starch

3. preparation (cognition) the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening

SamplesHis planning for retirement was hindered by several uncertainties.

Synonymsplanning, provision

Broader (hypernym)cerebration, intellection, mentation, thinking, thought, thought process

Narrower (hyponym)agreement, applecart, arrangement, calculation, deliberation, forethought, malice aforethought, mens rea, premeditation

4. preparation (state) the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)

SamplesPutting them in readiness.
Their preparation was more than adequate.

Synonymspreparedness, readiness

Broader (hypernym)state

Narrower (hyponym)alert, qui vive, ready

Attributeready, unready

Domain categoryarmed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine

5. preparation (communication) (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord

SamplesThe resolution of one dissonance is often the preparation for another dissonance.

Broader (hypernym)harmony, musical harmony

Domain categorymusic


6. preparation (act) activity leading to skilled behavior

Synonymsgrooming, training

Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)athletic training, discipline, drill, drill, exercise, military training, practice, practice session, recitation, retraining, schooling, skull practice, skull session, toilet training

7. preparation (act) preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home)

Synonymshomework, prep

Broader (hypernym)school assignment, schoolwork

Part meronymdidactics, education, educational activity, instruction, pedagogy, teaching

8. preparation (act) the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat

SamplesCooking can be a great art.
People are needed who have experience in cookery.
He left the preparation of meals to his wife.

Synonymscookery, cooking

Broader (hypernym)change of state

Narrower (hyponym)baking, boiling, braising, broil, broiling, browning, cuisine, culinary art, frying, fusion cooking, grilling, percolation, poaching, roasting, sauteing, simmering, stewing, toasting

Part holonymseasoning, tenderisation, tenderization

Domain category membersalcoholise, alcoholise, alcoholize, alcoholize, bake, barbecue, barbeque, baste, beat, blacken, blanch, boil down, boil down, braise, bread, brine, broil, brown, brown sauce, bruise, butterfly, calamari, calamary, can, caramelise, caramelise, caramelize, caramelize, challah, char, Chinese brown sauce, churn, clarify, coddle, concentrate, concentrate, concoct, conserve, cook, cook out, cook up, corn, cream, crisp, crispen, crumb, curry, curry, decoct, deep-fat-fry, deep-fry, devil, dredge, dress, dun, egg, farce, filet, fillet, fire, flavor, flavour, flour, fortify, fortify, french-fry, fricassee, frizzle, frost, fry, ginger, griddle, grill, hallah, hibachi, ice, Jewish rye, Jewish rye bread, jug, lace, lard, marinade, marinate, mask, micro-cook, microwave, nuke, oven broil, ovenbake, overboil, pan roast, pan-broil, pan-fry, parboil, pepper, pickle, precook, pressure-cook, puree, put on, put up, reduce, reduce, render, rice, roast, salt, salt, sauce, saute, savor, savour, scorch, scramble, sear, season, shirr, simmer, souse, spatchcock, spice, spice up, spike, splat, squid, steam, stew, stir fry, strain, stuff, tin, toast, truss, try, whip, whip up, whisk, whomp up, zap, zest

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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