English dictionary

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English noun: formation

1. formation (group) an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit

SamplesA defensive formation.
A formation of planes.

Broader (hypernym)arrangement

Narrower (hyponym)backfield, center, flank, flight, head, line, line, military formation, rear, secondary, wing

2. formation (act) the act of fabricating something in a particular shape


Broader (hypernym)fabrication, manufacture, manufacturing

Narrower (hyponym)filing, forging, granulation, grooving, metalwork, metalworking, rifling, turning

3. formation (act) the act of forming or establishing something

SamplesThe constitution of a PTA group last year.
It was the establishment of his reputation.
He still remembers the organization of the club.

Synonymsconstitution, establishment, organisation, organization

Broader (hypernym)beginning, commencement, start

Narrower (hyponym)collectivisation, collectivization, colonisation, colonization, communisation, communization, federation, settlement, unionisation, unionization

4. formation (object) (geology) the geological features of the earth

Synonymsgeological formation

Broader (hypernym)object, physical object

Narrower (hyponym)aquifer, beach, cave, chain, chain of mountains, cliff, crater, delta, depression, diapir, drop, drop-off, elevation, folium, foreshore, fountain, groundwater level, ice mass, incline, lakefront, massif, mineral vein, monocline, mountain chain, mountain range, mouth, natural depression, natural elevation, natural spring, oceanfront, outflow, outpouring, range, range of mountains, relict, ridge, ridge, ridgeline, scree, shore, side, slope, spring, talus, vein, volcanic crater, wall, water level, water table

Instance hyponymPillars of Hercules

Domain categorygeology

5. formation (artifact) a particular spatial arrangement

Broader (hypernym)arrangement, placement

Narrower (hyponym)raster, rig, rigging, split

6. formation (process) natural process that causes something to form

SamplesThe formation of gas in the intestine.
The formation of crystals.
The formation of pseudopods.

Broader (hypernym)action, activity, natural action, natural process

Narrower (hyponym)encrustation, incrustation, reticulation

7. formation (act) creation by mental activity

SamplesThe formation of sentences.
The formation of memories.

Broader (hypernym)creating by mental acts

Narrower (hyponym)affixation

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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