English noun: formation
|1.||formation (group) an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit|
|Samples||A defensive formation.|
A formation of planes.
|Narrower (hyponym)||backfield, center, flank, flight, head, line, line, military formation, rear, secondary, wing|
|2.||formation (act) the act of fabricating something in a particular shape|
|Broader (hypernym)||fabrication, manufacture, manufacturing|
|Narrower (hyponym)||filing, forging, granulation, grooving, metalwork, metalworking, rifling, turning|
|3.||formation (act) the act of forming or establishing something|
|Samples||The constitution of a PTA group last year.|
It was the establishment of his reputation.
He still remembers the organization of the club.
|Synonyms||constitution, establishment, organisation, organization|
|Broader (hypernym)||beginning, commencement, start|
|Narrower (hyponym)||collectivisation, collectivization, colonisation, colonization, communisation, communization, federation, settlement, unionisation, unionization|
|4.||formation (object) (geology) the geological features of the earth|
|Broader (hypernym)||object, physical object|
|Narrower (hyponym)||aquifer, beach, cave, chain, chain of mountains, cliff, crater, delta, depression, diapir, drop, drop-off, elevation, folium, foreshore, fountain, groundwater level, ice mass, incline, lakefront, massif, mineral vein, monocline, mountain chain, mountain range, mouth, natural depression, natural elevation, natural spring, oceanfront, outflow, outpouring, range, range of mountains, relict, ridge, ridge, ridgeline, scree, shore, side, slope, spring, talus, vein, volcanic crater, wall, water level, water table|
|Instance hyponym||Pillars of Hercules|
|5.||formation (artifact) a particular spatial arrangement|
|Broader (hypernym)||arrangement, placement|
|Narrower (hyponym)||raster, rig, rigging, split|
|6.||formation (process) natural process that causes something to form|
|Samples||The formation of gas in the intestine.|
The formation of crystals.
The formation of pseudopods.
|Broader (hypernym)||action, activity, natural action, natural process|
|Narrower (hyponym)||encrustation, incrustation, reticulation|
|7.||formation (act) creation by mental activity|
|Samples||The formation of sentences.|
The formation of memories.
|Broader (hypernym)||creating by mental acts|