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English noun: depression

1. depression (state) a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity

Broader (hypernym)mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state

Narrower (hyponym)blue devils, blue funk, blues, dejection, funk, low spirits, megrims, melancholia, melancholy, slough of despond, vapors, vapours


2. depression (state) a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment

Synonymseconomic crisis, slump

Broader (hypernym)crisis, economic condition

Instance hyponymGreat Depression

3. depression (object) a sunken or depressed geological formation

Synonymsnatural depression

Broader (hypernym)formation, geological formation

Narrower (hyponym)basin, bed, bottom, crater, deep, hole, hollow, lowland, oceanic abyss, sink, sinkhole, swallow hole, trench, trough, vale, valley

Antonymsnatural elevation, elevation

4. depression (feeling) sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy

Broader (hypernym)sadness, unhappiness

Narrower (hyponym)demoralisation, demoralization, despondence, despondency, disconsolateness, dysphoria, heartsickness, helplessness, oppression, oppressiveness

5. Depression (time) a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment

SynonymsGreat Depression

Instance hypernymage, historic period

6. depression (state) an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation

SamplesA low moved in over night bringing sleet and snow.


Broader (hypernym)air mass

Part meronymcyclone

7. depression (state) a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention

Synonymsclinical depression, depressive disorder

Broader (hypernym)affective disorder, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance, major affective disorder

Narrower (hyponym)agitated depression, anaclitic depression, dysthymia, dysthymic depression, endogenous depression, exogenous depression, major depressive episode, neurotic depression, psychotic depression, reactive depression, retarded depression

8. depression (shape) a concavity in a surface produced by pressing

SamplesHe left the impression of his fingers in the soft mud.

Synonymsimpression, imprint

Broader (hypernym)concave shape, concavity, incurvation, incurvature

Narrower (hyponym)channel, chap, crack, cranny, crease, crevice, crinkle, dent, dimple, dimple, dip, droop, fissure, furrow, groove, incision, line, prick, sag, scratch, seam, slit, wrinkle

9. depression angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)

Broader (hypernym)angular position

10. depression (act) pushing down

SamplesDepression of the space bar on the typewriter.

Broader (hypernym)push, pushing

Narrower (hyponym)click, mouse click

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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