English dictionary

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English adjective: perpendicular

1. perpendicular intersecting at or forming right angles

SamplesThe axes are perpendicular to each other.

Similarnormal, orthogonal, rectangular, right

Antonymsoblique, parallel

2. perpendicular at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line

SamplesA vertical camera angle.
The monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab.
Measure the perpendicular height.


Similarplumb, unsloped, upended, upright

See alsosteep, straight


Antonymshorizontal, inclined

3. perpendicular extremely steep

SamplesThe great perpendicular face of the cliff.



English noun: perpendicular

1. perpendicular (shape) a straight line at right angles to another line

Broader (hypernym)straight line

2. perpendicular (cognition) a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting

SynonymsEnglish-Gothic, English-Gothic architecture, perpendicular style

Broader (hypernym)Gothic, Gothic architecture

Narrower (hyponym)Tudor architecture

3. perpendicular (artifact) a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point

Synonymsplumb line

Broader (hypernym)cord

Narrower (hyponym)lead line, plumb rule, sounding line

Part holonymplumb, plumb bob, plummet

4. perpendicular (artifact) an extremely steep face

Broader (hypernym)face

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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