English dictionary



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English adjective: rough

1. rough having or caused by an irregular surface


SamplesTrees with rough bark.
Rough ground.
Rough skin.
Rough blankets.
His unsmooth face.


Synonymsunsmooth


Similarabrasive, alligatored, barky, bouldered, bouldery, broken, bullate, bumpy, chapped, coarse-textured, corded, costate, cracked, cracked, cragged, craggy, crushed, gravelly, hilly, homespun, imbricate, imbricated, lepidote, leprose, lined, mountainous, nubbly, nubby, pebbly, pocked, pockmarked, potholed, ribbed, rock-ribbed, rockbound, rocky, rough-textured, roughened, roughish, rugged, rugose, sandpapery, saw-like, scabby, scabrous, scaly, scratchy, scurfy, seamed, shagged, shaggy, shingly, slubbed, squamulose, stony, textured, tweedy, twilled, verrucose, wartlike, warty


See alsocoarse, harsh, irregular, nonslippery, uneven, unironed, unpolished, wrinkled


Antonymssmooth

2. rough (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse


SamplesShe was a diamond in the rough.
Rough manners.


Similarunrefined


Antonymsrefined

3. rough not quite exact or correct


SamplesThe approximate time was 10 o'clock.
A rough guess.
A ballpark estimate.


Synonymsapproximate, approximative


Similarinexact


Antonymsexact

4. rough full of hardship or trials


SamplesThe rocky road to success.
They were having a rough time.


Synonymsrocky


Similardifficult, hard


Antonymseasy

5. rough violently agitated and turbulent


SamplesBoisterous winds and waves.
The fierce thunders roar me their music.
Rough weather.
Rough seas.


Synonymsboisterous, fierce


Similarstormy


Antonymscalm

6. rough unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound


SamplesA gravelly voice.


Synonymsgrating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, scratchy


Similarcacophonic, cacophonous


Antonymseuphonious, euphonous

7. rough ready and able to resort to force or violence


SamplesPugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance.
They were rough and determined fighting men.


Synonymspugnacious


Similaraggressive


Antonymsnonaggressive, unaggressive

8. rough of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped


Similarbidentate, biserrate, ciliate, ciliated, crenate, crenated, crenulate, crenulated, crispate, dentate, denticulate, emarginate, erose, fimbriate, fringed, jagged, jaggy, lacerate, lacerated, laciniate, notched, notched, pectinate, rimose, runcinate, saw-toothed, scalloped, serrate, serrated, serrulate, spinose, toothed, toothed


See alsocompound, simple, unsubdivided


Domain categorybotany, phytology


Antonymssmooth

9. rough causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements


SamplesA rough ride.


Synonymsbumpy, jolting, jolty, jumpy, rocky


Antonymssmooth

10. rough not shaped by cutting or trimming


SamplesAn uncut diamond.
Rough gemstones.


Synonymsuncut


Similarunsheared


Antonymscut

11. rough not carefully or expertly made


SamplesManaged to make a crude splint.
A crude cabin of logs with bark still on them.
Rough carpentry.


Synonymscrude


Similarunskilled


Antonymsskilled

12. rough not perfected


SamplesA rough draft.
A few rough sketches.


Similarunpolished


Antonymspolished

13. rough unpleasantly stern


SamplesWild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus.
The nomad life is rough and hazardous.


Synonymsharsh


Similarunpleasant


Antonymspleasant

14. rough unkind or cruel or uncivil


SamplesHad harsh words.
A harsh and unlovable old tyrant.
A rough answer.


Synonymsharsh


Similarunkind


Antonymskind


English noun: rough

1. rough (location) the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short


Broader (hypernym)land site, site


Part meronymgolf course, links course


English adverb: rough

1. rough with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')


SamplesHe was pushed roughly aside.
They treated him rough.


Synonymsroughly


Domain usagecolloquialism

2. rough with rough motion as over a rough surface


SamplesRide rough.


Synonymsroughly


English verb: rough

1. rough (creation) prepare in preliminary or sketchy form


Synonymsrough in, rough out


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)prepare









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