English dictionary



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English noun: affect

1. affect (feeling) the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion


Broader (hypernym)feeling


English verb: affect

1. affect (change) have an effect upon


SamplesWill the new rules affect me?.


Synonymsbear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify


Narrower (hyponym)act upon, bother, color, colour, discommode, disoblige, distort, endanger, excite, expose, hit, hydrolise, hydrolize, incommode, inconvenience, influence, peril, process, put out, queer, redound, repercuss, scupper, slam-dunk, stimulate, strike, strike a blow, subject, tell on, tinge, treat, trouble, work

2. affect (body) act physically on; have an effect upon


SamplesThe medicine affects my heart rate.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify


Narrower (hyponym)arouse, attack, brace, calm, cramp, energise, energize, inebriate, intoxicate, jaundice, loosen up, make relaxed, perk up, register, relax, sedate, soak, stimulate, strain, tense, tense up, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize, ulcerate, unlax, unstrain, unwind

3. affect (stative) connect closely and often incriminatingly


SamplesThis new ruling affects your business.


Synonymsinvolve, regard


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bear on, come to, concern, have-to doe with, pertain, refer, relate, touch, touch on


Narrower (hyponym)implicate

4. affect (communication) make believe with the intent to deceive


SamplesHe feigned that he was ill.
He shammed a headache.


Synonymsdissemble, feign, pretend, sham


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE


Broader (hypernym)belie, misrepresent


Narrower (hyponym)bull, bullshit, fake, mouth, play possum, take a dive, talk through one's hat


Verb groupmake, make believe, pretend

5. affect (emotion) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon


SamplesThis child impressed me as unusually mature.
This behavior struck me as odd.


ExamplesThe bad news will affect him, The good news will affect her


Synonymsimpress, move, strike


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody


Narrower (hyponym)alienate, awaken, cloud, disturb, engrave, hit home, impress, impress, infect, ingrain, instill, jar, move, pierce, sadden, smite, stir, strike a chord, strike a note, strike dumb, strike home, surprise, sweep away, sweep off, touch, trouble, upset, zap


Causeexperience, feel


Verb groupactuate, come to, hit, incite, motivate, move, prompt, propel, strike









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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