English dictionary

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English noun: affect

1. affect (feeling) the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion

Broader (hypernym)feeling

English verb: affect

1. affect (change) have an effect upon

SamplesWill the new rules affect me?.

Synonymsbear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)act upon, bother, color, colour, discommode, disoblige, distort, endanger, excite, expose, hit, hydrolise, hydrolize, incommode, inconvenience, influence, peril, process, put out, queer, redound, repercuss, scupper, slam-dunk, stimulate, strike, strike a blow, subject, tell on, tinge, treat, trouble, work

2. affect (body) act physically on; have an effect upon

SamplesThe medicine affects my heart rate.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)arouse, attack, brace, calm, cramp, energise, energize, inebriate, intoxicate, jaundice, loosen up, make relaxed, perk up, register, relax, sedate, soak, stimulate, strain, tense, tense up, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize, ulcerate, unlax, unstrain, unwind

3. affect (stative) connect closely and often incriminatingly

SamplesThis new ruling affects your business.

Synonymsinvolve, regard

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bear on, come to, concern, have-to doe with, pertain, refer, relate, touch, touch on

Narrower (hyponym)implicate

4. affect (communication) make believe with the intent to deceive

SamplesHe feigned that he was ill.
He shammed a headache.

Synonymsdissemble, feign, pretend, sham

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)belie, misrepresent

Narrower (hyponym)bull, bullshit, fake, mouth, play possum, take a dive, talk through one's hat

Verb groupmake, make believe, pretend

5. affect (emotion) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

SamplesThis child impressed me as unusually mature.
This behavior struck me as odd.

ExamplesThe bad news will affect him, The good news will affect her

Synonymsimpress, move, strike

Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody

Narrower (hyponym)alienate, awaken, cloud, disturb, engrave, hit home, impress, impress, infect, ingrain, instill, jar, move, pierce, sadden, smite, stir, strike a chord, strike a note, strike dumb, strike home, surprise, sweep away, sweep off, touch, trouble, upset, zap

Causeexperience, feel

Verb groupactuate, come to, hit, incite, motivate, move, prompt, propel, strike

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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