English dictionary

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English noun: surprise

1. surprise (feeling) the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you

Broader (hypernym)amazement, astonishment

2. surprise (event) a sudden unexpected event

Broader (hypernym)alteration, change, modification

Narrower (hyponym)blow, bombshell, coup de theatre, eye opener, peripeteia, peripetia, peripety, shock, stunner, thunderbolt, thunderclap

3. surprise (act) the act of surprising someone


Broader (hypernym)disruption, perturbation

English verb: surprise

1. surprise (cognition) cause to be surprised

SamplesThe news really surprised me.

ExamplesThe bad news will surprise him, The good news will surprise her

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)affect, impress, move, strike

Narrower (hyponym)amaze, astonish, astound, ball over, blow out of the water, boggle, bowl over, catch, explode a bombshell, flabbergast, floor, shock, take aback

2. surprise (social) come upon or take unawares

SamplesShe surprised the couple.
He surprised an interesting scene.

ExamplesSam cannot surprise Sue

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)act, move

Narrower (hyponym)blindside

3. surprise (competition) attack by storm; attack suddenly


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)assail, attack

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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