English dictionary



Hint: Question mark (?) is a wildcard. Question mark substitutes one character.

English verb: retain

1. retain (stative) hold back within


SamplesThis soil retains water.
I retain this drug for a long time.
The dam retains the water.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bear, carry, contain, hold

2. retain (social) allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature


SamplesWe cannot continue several servants any longer.
She retains a lawyer.
The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff.
Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on.
We kept the work going as long as we could.
She retained her composure.
This garment retains its shape even after many washings.


Synonymscontinue, keep, keep on


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)keep up, prolong, sustain


Verb groupcontinue, persist in

3. retain (possession) secure and keep for possible future use or application


SamplesThe landlord retained the security deposit.
I reserve the right to disagree.


Synonymshold, hold back, keep back


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)hold on, keep


Narrower (hyponym)hold down

4. retain (cognition) keep in one's mind


SamplesI cannot retain so much information.


ExamplesThey won't retain the story


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)remember, think of









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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