English dictionary

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English adjective: surface

1. surface on the surface

SamplesSurface materials of the moon.

Similaraboveground, grade-constructed, opencast, opencut

Antonymsoverhead, subsurface

English noun: surface

1. surface (artifact) the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary

SamplesThere is a special cleaner for these surfaces.
The cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface.

Broader (hypernym)artefact, artifact

Narrower (hyponym)bed, board, face, gameboard, ground, horizontal surface, Klein bottle, level, meniscus, miter, mitre, Mobius strip, plaster, plasterwork, projection screen, screen, side, silver screen, skin, spandrel, spandril, superficies, tread, vertical surface, work surface

2. surface (location) the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object

SamplesThey skimmed over the surface of the water.
A brush small enough to clean every dental surface.
The sun has no distinct surface.

Broader (hypernym)bound, boundary, bounds

Narrower (hyponym)celestial sphere, empyrean, end, exterior, face, firmament, hard palate, heavens, inside, interface, interior, outside, palate, photosphere, roof of the mouth, side, sphere, substrate, substratum, vault of heaven, wave front, wavefront, welkin

3. surface (object) the outermost level of the land or sea

SamplesEarthquakes originate far below the surface.
Three quarters of the Earth's surface is covered by water.

SynonymsEarth's surface

Broader (hypernym)layer

Narrower (hyponym)floor, floor

Part holonymbody of water, gap, opening, water

Part meronymgeosphere, lithosphere

4. surface (cognition) a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something

SamplesIt was not what it appeared to be on the surface.

Broader (hypernym)aspect, facet

5. surface (cognition) information that has become public

SamplesAll the reports were out in the open.
The facts had been brought to the surface.


Broader (hypernym)general knowledge, public knowledge

6. surface (artifact) a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight

Synonymsaerofoil, airfoil, control surface

Broader (hypernym)device

Narrower (hyponym)aileron, elevator, flap, flaps, horizontal stabiliser, horizontal stabilizer, rotary wing, rotor blade, rudder, spoiler, spoiler, stabilizer, tailplane, vertical tail, wing

Part holonymleading edge, trailing edge

English verb: surface

1. surface (motion) come to the surface

Synonymscome up, rise, rise up

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)ascend, go up

Narrower (hyponym)bubble up, emerge, intumesce, resurface, swell, well

2. surface (contact) put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface

SamplesCoat the cake with chocolate.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)cover

Narrower (hyponym)anodise, anodize, blacktop, bonderise, bonderize, brush on, cement, copper, crumb, daub, dredge, egg, encrust, enrobe, finish, foliate, galvanise, galvanize, gelatinize, glaze, grit, incrust, macadamise, macadamize, metal, metalize, metallize, paint, patinate, patinise, patinize, pave, plaster, plate, platinize, porcelainize, refinish, render, resurface, rubber, rubberise, rubberize, seal, size, skim, skimcoat, soot, stucco, tar, tarmac, varnish, zinc

3. surface (change) appear or become visible; make a showing

SamplesShe turned up at the funeral.
I hope the list key is going to surface again.

Synonymscome on, come out, show up, turn up

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)appear

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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