English dictionary

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English verb: absorb

1. absorb (contact) become imbued

SamplesThe liquids, light, and gases absorb.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)sorb, take up

Narrower (hyponym)assimilate, imbibe, reabsorb, resorb

Domain categorychemical science, chemistry

2. absorb (cognition) take up mentally

SamplesHe absorbed the knowledge or beliefs of his tribe.

Synonymsassimilate, ingest, take in

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)acquire, larn, learn

Narrower (hyponym)imbibe

3. absorb (possession) take up, as of debts or payments

SamplesAbsorb the costs for something.

Synonymstake over

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fund

4. absorb (contact) take in, also metaphorically

SamplesThe sponge absorbs water well.
She drew strength from the minister's words.

Synonymsdraw, imbibe, soak up, sop up, suck, suck up, take in, take up

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)blot, mop, mop up, sponge up, wipe up

5. absorb (change) cause to become one with

SamplesThe sales tax is absorbed into the state income tax.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)blend, coalesce, combine, commingle, conflate, flux, fuse, immix, meld, merge, mix

6. absorb (weather) suck or take up or in

SamplesA black star absorbs all matter.

Synonymstake in

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)suck, suck in

Antonymsgive out, emit, give off

7. absorb (cognition) devote (oneself) fully to

SamplesHe immersed himself into his studies.

Synonymsengross, engulf, immerse, plunge, soak up, steep

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody PP

Broader (hypernym)center, centre, concentrate, focus, pore, rivet

Narrower (hyponym)drink, drink in

Verb groupimmerse, plunge

8. absorb (contact) assimilate or take in

SamplesThe immigrants were quickly absorbed into society.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)invite, receive, take in

9. absorb (cognition) consume all of one's attention or time

SamplesHer interest in butterflies absorbs her completely.

ExamplesThe performance is likely to absorb Sue

Synonymsengage, engross, occupy

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)interest

Narrower (hyponym)consume, involve, rivet

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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