English dictionary

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English noun: study

1. study (act) a detailed critical inspection


Broader (hypernym)examination, scrutiny

Narrower (hyponym)resurvey

2. study (cognition) applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading)

SamplesMastering a second language requires a lot of work.
No schools offer graduate study in interior design.


Broader (hypernym)acquisition, learning

3. study (communication) a written document describing the findings of some individual or group

SamplesThis accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale.

Synonymsreport, written report

Broader (hypernym)document, papers, written document

Narrower (hyponym)assay, blue book, case study, green paper, medical report, position paper, progress report, white book, white paper

4. study (cognition) a state of deep mental absorption

SamplesShe is in a deep study.

Broader (hypernym)absorption, concentration, engrossment, immersion

5. study (artifact) a room used for reading and writing and studying

SamplesHe knocked lightly on the closed door of the study.

Broader (hypernym)room

Part meronymhouse

6. study (cognition) a branch of knowledge

SamplesIn what discipline is his doctorate?.
Teachers should be well trained in their subject.
Anthropology is the study of human beings.

Synonymsbailiwick, discipline, field, field of study, subject, subject area, subject field

Broader (hypernym)domain, knowledge base, knowledge domain

Narrower (hyponym)allometry, applied science, architecture, arts, bibliotics, communication theory, communications, divinity, engineering, engineering science, escapology, frontier, futuristics, futurology, genealogy, graphology, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts, major, military science, numerology, occultism, ology, protology, science, scientific discipline, technology, theogony, theology

7. study (artifact) preliminary drawing for later elaboration

SamplesHe made several studies before starting to paint.


Broader (hypernym)drawing

Narrower (hyponym)design, draft, rough drawing, vignette

8. study (cognition) attentive consideration and meditation

SamplesAfter much cogitation he rejected the offer.


Broader (hypernym)contemplation, musing, reflection, reflexion, rumination, thoughtfulness

Narrower (hyponym)lucubration

9. study (person) someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play)

SamplesHe is a quick study.

Broader (hypernym)memoriser, memorizer

10. study (communication) a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique

SamplesA study in spiccato bowing.

Broader (hypernym)composition, musical composition, opus, piece, piece of music

English verb: study

1. study (cognition) consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning

SamplesAnalyze a sonnet by Shakespeare.
Analyze the evidence in a criminal trial.
Analyze your real motives.

ExamplesSam and Sue study the movie

Synonymsanalyse, analyze, canvas, canvass, examine

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)anatomize, appraise, assay, audit, check, check into, check out, check over, check up on, compare, consider, diagnose, diagnose, follow, go over, inspect, investigate, look at, look into, look into, name, reexamine, review, screen, scrutinise, scrutinize, sieve, sift, survey, survey, suss out, trace, view

2. study (cognition) be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)major

3. study (perception) give careful consideration to

SamplesConsider the possibility of moving.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s whether INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)chew over, contemplate, excogitate, meditate, mull, mull over, muse, ponder, reflect, ruminate, speculate, think over

Narrower (hyponym)compare, equate, factor, factor in, factor out, liken

Verb groupconsider, debate, deliberate, moot, turn over

4. study (cognition) be a student of a certain subject

SamplesShe is reading for the bar exam.

Synonymslearn, read, take

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)audit, drill, exercise, practice, practise, prepare, train

5. study (cognition) learn by reading books

SamplesHe is studying geology in his room.
I have an exam next week; I must hit the books now.

Synonymshit the books

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)acquire, larn, learn

Narrower (hyponym)bone, bone up, con, cram, drum, get up, grind away, learn, memorise, memorize, mug up, swot, swot up


6. study (cognition) think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

SamplesHe is meditating in his study.

Synonymscontemplate, meditate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)cerebrate, cogitate, think

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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