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English noun: absorption

1. absorption (process) (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid

Synonymssoaking up

Broader (hypernym)sorption

Narrower (hyponym)imbibition

Domain categorychemical science, chemistry

2. absorption (process) (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium

SamplesThe absorption of photons by atoms or molecules.

Broader (hypernym)action, activity, natural action, natural process

Part meronymextinction

Domain categorynatural philosophy, physics

3. absorption (process) the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another


Broader (hypernym)social process

Narrower (hyponym)Americanisation, Americanization, Anglicisation, Anglicization, Europeanisation, Europeanization, Westernisation, Westernization

4. absorption (process) the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion


Broader (hypernym)biological process, organic process

Narrower (hyponym)anabolism, constructive metabolism, malabsorption

5. absorption (cognition) complete attention; intense mental effort

Synonymsconcentration, engrossment, immersion

Broader (hypernym)attention

Narrower (hyponym)centering, direction, focal point, focus, focusing, focussing, specialism, study

6. absorption (cognition) the mental state of being preoccupied by something

Synonymsengrossment, preoccupancy, preoccupation

Broader (hypernym)cognitive state, state of mind

Narrower (hyponym)absentmindedness, abstractedness, abstraction

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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