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English adjective: light

1. light of comparatively little physical weight or density

SamplesA light load.
Magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C.

Similarairy, buoyant, floaty, lighter-than-air, lightweight, low-density



2. light (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent

SamplesLight blue.
Light colors such as pastels.
A light-colored powder.


Similarpale, palish, pastel, powdery

See alsowhite



3. light of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment

SamplesLight infantry.
Light cavalry.
Light industry.
Light weapons.

Similarlight-armed, lightly-armed


4. light not great in degree or quantity or number

SamplesA light sentence.
A light accent.
Casualties were light.
Light snow was falling.
Light misty rain.
Light smoke from the chimney.


5. light psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles

SamplesA light heart.

Similarcasual, fooling


6. light characterized by or emitting light

SamplesA room that is light when the shutters are open.
The inside of the house was airy and light.

Similarablaze, autofluorescent, bioluminescent, bright, candent, candescent, floodlighted, floodlit, fluorescent, illuminated, incandescent, inflamed, lamplit, lighted, lighting-up, lit, livid, luminescent, phosphorescent, reddened, sunlit, sunstruck, well-lighted, white

Attributelight, lightness


7. light (used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress

SamplesA syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable.
A weak stress on the second syllable.

Synonymsunaccented, weak


Antonymsaccented, stressed

8. light easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned

SamplesA light diet.



9. light (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency

SamplesLight soil.



10. light (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims

SamplesEfforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral recordings.
Clear laughter like a waterfall.
Clear reds and blues.
A light lilting voice like a silver bell.

Synonymsclean, clear, unclouded



11. light moving easily and quickly; nimble

SamplesThe dancer was light and graceful.
A lightsome buoyant step.
Walked with a light tripping step.

Synonymslightsome, tripping



12. light demanding little effort; not burdensome

SamplesLight housework.
Light exercise.



13. light of little intensity or power or force

SamplesThe light touch of her fingers.
A light breeze.

Similareasy, gentle, soft


14. light (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average

SamplesLight water is ordinary water.

Domain categorychemical science, chemistry


15. light weak and likely to lose consciousness

SamplesSuddenly felt faint from the pain.
Was sick and faint from hunger.
Felt light in the head.
A swooning fit.
Light-headed with wine.
Light-headed from lack of sleep.

Synonymsfaint, light-headed, lightheaded, swooning

Similarill, sick


16. light very thin and insubstantial

SamplesThin paper.
Light summer dresses.



17. light marked by temperance in indulgence

SamplesAbstemious with the use of adverbs.
A light eater.
A light smoker.
Ate a light supper.




18. light less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so

SamplesA light pound.
A scant cup of sugar.
Regularly gives short weight.

Synonymsscant, short

Similardeficient, insufficient


19. light having little importance

SamplesLosing his job was no light matter.

Similarinsignificant, unimportant

Antonymssignificant, important

20. light intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound

SamplesLight verse.
A light comedy.



21. light silly or trivial

SamplesIdle pleasure.
Light banter.
Light idle chatter.




22. light designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight

SamplesLight aircraft.
A light truck.



23. light having relatively few calories

SamplesDiet cola.
Light (or lite) beer.
Lite (or light) mayonnaise.
A low-cal diet.

Synonymscalorie-free, lite, low-cal

Similarfat-free, fatless, nonfat

Antonymsfatty, fat

24. light (of sleep) easily disturbed

SamplesIn a light doze.
A light sleeper.
A restless wakeful night.




25. light casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior

SamplesHer easy virtue.
He was told to avoid loose (or light) women.
Wanton behavior.

Synonymseasy, loose, promiscuous, sluttish, wanton



English noun: light

1. light (phenomenon) (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation

SamplesThe light was filtered through a soft glass window.

Synonymsvisible light, visible radiation

Broader (hypernym)actinic radiation, actinic ray

Narrower (hyponym)beam, beam of light, candle flame, candlelight, corona, counterglow, daylight, firelight, fluorescence, friar's lantern, gaslight, gegenschein, glow, glow, glow, glowing, half-light, ignis fatuus, incandescence, irradiation, jack-o'-lantern, lamplight, light beam, luminescence, meteor, Moon, moonlight, moonshine, radiance, ray, ray of light, scintillation, shaft, shaft of light, shooting star, starlight, streamer, sun, sunlight, sunshine, torchlight, twilight, will-o'-the-wisp

Part meronymelectromagnetic spectrum

Domain categorynatural philosophy, physics

2. light (artifact) any device serving as a source of illumination

SamplesHe stopped the car and turned off the lights.

Synonymslight source

Broader (hypernym)source of illumination

Narrower (hyponym)anchor light, blinker, fairy light, flasher, flood, flood lamp, floodlight, headlamp, headlight, houselights, jacklight, navigation light, night-light, panel light, photoflood, riding lamp, riding light, room light, running light, sconce, searchlight, sidelight, strip lighting, theater light, torch

3. light (cognition) a particular perspective or aspect of a situation

SamplesAlthough he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand.

Broader (hypernym)perspective, position, view

4. light (attribute) the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light

SamplesIts luminosity is measured relative to that of our sun.

Synonymsbrightness, brightness level, luminance, luminosity, luminousness

Broader (hypernym)physical property

Narrower (hyponym)glow, illuminance, illumination, incandescence, luminescence

Attributebright, dull

5. light (location) an illuminated area

SamplesHe stepped into the light.

Broader (hypernym)scene

6. light (state) a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination

SamplesFollow God's light.


Broader (hypernym)condition, status

7. light (attribute) the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures

SamplesHe could paint the lightest light and the darkest dark.


Broader (hypernym)visual property

Narrower (hyponym)aura, aureole, brightness, gloriole, glory, halo, highlight, highlighting, nimbus, sunniness

Attributedark, light

8. light (person) a person regarded very fondly

SamplesThe light of my life.

Broader (hypernym)friend

9. light (state) having abundant light or illumination

SamplesThey played as long as it was light.
As long as the lighting was good.


Broader (hypernym)illumination

Antonymsdark, darkness

10. light (cognition) mental understanding as an enlightening experience

SamplesHe finally saw the light.
Can you shed light on this problem?.

Broader (hypernym)brainstorm, brainwave, insight

11. light (attribute) merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance

SamplesHe had a sparkle in his eye.
There's a perpetual twinkle in his eyes.

Synonymsspark, sparkle, twinkle

Broader (hypernym)aspect, expression, face, facial expression, look, verve, vitality

12. light (cognition) public awareness

SamplesIt brought the scandal to light.

Broader (hypernym)general knowledge, public knowledge

13. Light (motive) a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul

SynonymsChrist Within, Inner Light, Light Within

Broader (hypernym)ethical motive, ethics, morality, morals

14. light (communication) a visual warning signal

SamplesThey saw the light of the beacon.
There was a light at every corner.

Broader (hypernym)visual signal

Narrower (hyponym)stoplight, traffic light, traffic signal

15. light (artifact) a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires

SamplesDo you have a light?.

Synonymsigniter, ignitor, lighter

Broader (hypernym)device

Narrower (hyponym)cigar lighter, cigarette lighter, friction match, fuse, fusee, fuze, fuzee, lucifer, match, match, pocket lighter, primer, priming

English adverb: light

1. light with few burdens

SamplesExperienced travellers travel light.


English verb: light

1. light (change) make lighter or brighter

SamplesThis lamp lightens the room a bit.

Synonymsillume, illuminate, illumine, light up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)lighten, lighten up

Narrower (hyponym)floodlight, spotlight

2. light (consumption) begin to smoke

SamplesAfter the meal, some of the diners lit up.

Synonymsfire up, light up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)ignite, light


3. light (motion) to come to rest, settle

SamplesMisfortune lighted upon him.

Synonymsalight, perch

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)land, set down

4. light (weather) cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat

SamplesGreat heat can ignite almost any dry matter.
Light a cigarette.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)burn, combust

Narrower (hyponym)conflagrate, enkindle, fire up, flare up, inflame, kindle, light, light up, light up, reignite

Causeburn, combust

Antonymsblow out, extinguish, quench, snuff out

5. light (possession) fall to somebody by assignment or lot

SamplesThe task fell to me.
It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims.


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)devolve, fall, pass, return

Verb groupaccrue, fall, fall

6. light (motion) alight from (a horse)

Synonymsdismount, get down, get off, unhorse

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)come down, descend, fall, go down

Domain categoryhorseback riding, riding

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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