English dictionary

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English adjective: short

1. short primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration

SamplesA short life.
A short flight.
A short holiday.
A short story.
Only a few short months.

Similarabbreviated, brief, clipped, fleeting, fugitive, momentaneous, momentary, short and sweet, short-dated, short-range, short-run, short-term, shortened, truncated

Attributeduration, length


2. short (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length

SamplesShort skirts.
Short hair.
The board was a foot short.
A short toss.

Similarabbreviated, brief, close, curtal, sawed-off, sawn-off, short-range, short-snouted, shortened, shortened, shortish, snub, stubby, telescoped, truncate, truncated



3. short low in stature; not tall

SamplesHe was short and stocky.
Short in stature.
A short smokestack.
A little man.


Similarchunky, compact, dumpy, half-length, heavyset, low-set, pint-size, pint-sized, runty, sawed-off, sawn-off, short-stalked, squab, squabby, squat, squatty, stocky, stumpy, thick, thickset

See alsolow

Attributeheight, stature


4. short not sufficient to meet a need

SamplesAn inadequate income.
A poor salary.
Money is short.
On short rations.
Food is in short supply.
Short on experience.

Synonymsinadequate, poor

Similardeficient, insufficient


5. short (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range

SamplesA short memory.

Synonymsforgetful, unretentive

See alsoforgetful, mindless, unmindful

Antonymsrecollective, retentive, tenacious, long

6. short not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices

SamplesA short sale.
Short in cotton.

Domain categoryfinance


7. short of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration

SamplesThe English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short.

Domain categoryphonetics


8. short less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so

SamplesA light pound.
A scant cup of sugar.
Regularly gives short weight.

Synonymslight, scant

Similardeficient, insufficient


9. short lacking foresight or scope

SamplesA short view of the problem.
Shortsighted policies.
Shortsighted critics derided the plan.
Myopic thinking.

Synonymsmyopic, shortsighted, unforesightful



10. short tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening

SamplesShortbread is a short crumbly cookie.
A short flaky pie crust.



11. short marked by rude or peremptory shortness

SamplesTry to cultivate a less brusque manner.
A curt reply.
The salesgirl was very short with him.

Synonymsbrusk, brusque, curt



English noun: short

1. short (artifact) the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed

Broader (hypernym)parcel, parcel of land, piece of ground, piece of land, tract

Part meronymbaseball diamond, diamond, infield

2. short (artifact) accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference

Synonymsshort circuit

Broader (hypernym)contact, tangency

Part meronymcircuit, electric circuit, electrical circuit

3. short (act) the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base


Broader (hypernym)position

Member meronymbaseball team

English adverb: short

1. short quickly and without warning

SamplesHe stopped suddenly.

Synonymsabruptly, dead, suddenly

2. short without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold

SamplesHe made his fortune by selling short just before the crash.

Domain categoryfinance

3. short clean across

SamplesThe car's axle snapped short.

4. short at some point or distance before a goal is reached

SamplesHe fell short of our expectations.

5. short so as to interrupt

SamplesShe took him up short before he could continue.

6. short at a disadvantage

SamplesI was caught short.


7. short in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner

SamplesHe told me curtly to get on with it.
He talked short with everyone.
He said shortly that he didn't like it.

Synonymscurtly, shortly

English verb: short

1. short (social) cheat someone by not returning him enough money


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)bunco, con, defraud, diddle, gip, goldbrick, gyp, hornswoggle, mulct, nobble, rook, scam, short-change, swindle, victimize

2. short (creation) create a short circuit in


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)create, make

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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