English dictionary

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English adjective: sign

1. sign used of the language of the deaf

Synonymsgestural, sign-language, signed

Similarcommunicative, communicatory

Antonymsincommunicative, uncommunicative

English noun: sign

1. sign (communication) a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened)

SamplesHe showed signs of strain.
They welcomed the signs of spring.


Broader (hypernym)clew, clue, cue

Narrower (hyponym)token

2. sign (communication) a public display of a message

SamplesHe posted signs in all the shop windows.

Broader (hypernym)communication

Narrower (hyponym)bill, card, guidepost, notice, placard, poster, posting, signpost, street sign

3. sign (communication) any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message

SamplesSignals from the boat suddenly stopped.

Synonymssignal, signaling

Broader (hypernym)communication

Narrower (hyponym)alarm, alarum, alert, all clear, animal communication, beam, bugle call, curfew, distress call, distress signal, dog-ear, drumbeat, electronic signal, high sign, indicator, input, input signal, number, output, output signal, phone number, radio beacon, radio beam, radiotelegraphic signal, recording, retreat, start, starting signal, storm signal, symbol, telegraphic signal, telephone number, ticktack, time signal, visual signal, warning signal, whistle, whistling

4. sign (artifact) structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted

SamplesThe highway was lined with signboards.


Broader (hypernym)construction, structure

Narrower (hyponym)billboard, hoarding, sandwich board, scoreboard, shingle

5. sign (location) (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided

Synonymshouse, mansion, planetary house, sign of the zodiac, star sign

Broader (hypernym)part, region

Instance hyponymAquarius, Aquarius the Water Bearer, Archer, Aries, Aries the Ram, Balance, Bull, Cancer, Cancer the Crab, Capricorn, Capricorn the Goat, Crab, Fish, Gemini, Gemini the Twins, Goat, Leo, Leo the Lion, Libra, Libra the Balance, Libra the Scales, Lion, Pisces, Pisces the Fishes, Ram, Sagittarius, Sagittarius the Archer, Scorpio, Scorpio the Scorpion, Scorpion, Taurus, Taurus the Bull, Twins, Virgin, Virgo, Virgo the Virgin, Water Bearer

Part meronymzodiac

Domain categoryastrology, star divination

6. sign (state) (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease

SamplesThere were no signs of asphyxiation.

Broader (hypernym)evidence, grounds

Narrower (hyponym)vital sign

Part meronymdisease

Domain categorymedical specialty, medicine

7. sign having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges)

SamplesHe got the polarity of the battery reversed.
Charges of opposite sign.


Broader (hypernym)oppositeness, opposition

Narrower (hyponym)negativeness, negativity, positiveness, positivity

8. sign (event) an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come

SamplesHe hoped it was an augury.
It was a sign from God.

Synonymsaugury, foretoken, preindication

Broader (hypernym)experience

Narrower (hyponym)omen, portent, presage, prodigy, prognostic, prognostication, war cloud

9. sign (communication) a gesture that is part of a sign language

Broader (hypernym)gesture, motion

Part meronymsign language, signing

10. sign (communication) a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified

SamplesThe bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary.

Broader (hypernym)language unit, linguistic unit

Domain categorylinguistics

11. sign (communication) a character indicating a relation between quantities

SamplesDon't forget the minus sign.

Broader (hypernym)mathematical notation

Narrower (hyponym)equal sign, minus sign, plus sign, radical sign

English verb: sign

1. sign (communication) mark with one's signature; write one's name (on)

SamplesShe signed the letter and sent it off.
Please sign here.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)write

Narrower (hyponym)rubricate

2. sign (social) approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation

SamplesAll parties ratified the peace treaty.
Have you signed your contract yet?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)formalise, formalize, validate

Entailendorse, indorse

3. sign (communication) be engaged by a written agreement

SamplesHe signed to play the casino on Dec. 18.
The soprano signed to sing the new opera.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)contract, undertake

Narrower (hyponym)autograph, countersign, endorse, execute, indorse, initial, ink, inscribe, undersign

4. sign (social) engage by written agreement

SamplesThey signed two new pitchers for the next season.

Synonymscontract, sign on, sign up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)employ, engage, hire

Narrower (hyponym)contract out

5. sign (communication) communicate silently and non-verbally by signals or signs

SamplesHe signed his disapproval with a dismissive hand gesture.
The diner signaled the waiters to bring the menu.

ExamplesThey sign them the information, They sign the information to them

Synonymssignal, signalise, signalize

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)communicate, intercommunicate

Narrower (hyponym)flag, heliograph, semaphore, whistle, wigwag

6. sign (contact) place signs, as along a road

SamplesSign an intersection.
This road has been signed.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)lay, place, pose, position, put, set

7. sign (communication) communicate in sign language

SamplesI don't know how to sign, so I could not communicate with my deaf cousin.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)communicate, intercommunicate

8. sign (communication) make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)gesticulate, gesture, motion

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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