English dictionary



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English noun: shock

1. shock (feeling) the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally


SamplesHis mother's death left him in a daze.
He was numb with shock.


Synonymsdaze, stupor


Broader (hypernym)stupefaction

2. shock (act) the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat


SamplesThe armies met in the shock of battle.


Synonymsimpact


Broader (hypernym)combat, fight, fighting, scrap

3. shock (act) a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body


SamplesSubjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response.
Electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks.


Synonymselectric shock, electrical shock


Broader (hypernym)inborn reflex, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, physiological reaction, reflex, reflex action, reflex response, unconditioned reflex

4. shock (state) (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor


SamplesLoss of blood is an important cause of shock.


Broader (hypernym)collapse, prostration


Narrower (hyponym)cardiogenic shock, distributive shock, hypovolemic shock, insulin reaction, insulin shock, obstructive shock


Domain categorypathology

5. shock (event) an instance of agitation of the earth's crust


SamplesThe first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch.


Synonymsseismic disturbance


Broader (hypernym)earthquake, quake, seism, temblor

6. shock (event) an unpleasant or disappointing surprise


SamplesIt came as a shock to learn that he was injured.


Synonymsblow


Broader (hypernym)surprise


Narrower (hyponym)blip

7. shock (group) a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field


SamplesCorn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks.
Whole fields of wheat in shock.


Broader (hypernym)agglomerate, cumulation, cumulus, heap, mound, pile

8. shock (group) a bushy thick mass (especially hair)


SamplesHe had an unruly shock of black hair.


Broader (hypernym)mass

9. shock (event) a sudden jarring impact


SamplesThe door closed with a jolt.
All the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers.


Synonymsjar, jolt, jounce


Broader (hypernym)blow, bump

10. shock (artifact) a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses


SamplesThe old car needed a new set of shocks.


Synonymscushion, shock absorber


Broader (hypernym)damper, muffler


Narrower (hyponym)air cushion, air spring


Part meronymsuspension, suspension system


English verb: shock

1. shock (emotion) surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off


SamplesI was floored when I heard that I was promoted.


ExamplesThe bad news will shock him, The good news will shock her


Synonymsball over, blow out of the water, floor, take aback


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)surprise


Narrower (hyponym)galvanise, galvanize, startle

2. shock (emotion) strike with disgust or revulsion


SamplesThe scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends.


ExamplesThe performance is likely to shock Sue


Synonymsappal, appall, offend, outrage, scandalise, scandalize


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)churn up, disgust, nauseate, revolt, sicken

3. shock (emotion) strike with horror or terror


SamplesThe news of the bombing shocked her.


ExamplesThe bad news will shock him, The performance is likely to shock Sue


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)alarm, appal, appall, dismay, horrify

4. shock (contact) collide violently


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)clash, collide

5. shock (contact) collect or gather into shocks


SamplesShock grain.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)collect, garner, gather, pull together

6. shock (body) subject to electrical shocks


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)care for, treat


Narrower (hyponym)galvanise, galvanize

7. shock (body) inflict a trauma upon


Synonymstraumatise, traumatize


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)injure, wound









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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