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English noun: shock

1. shock (feeling) the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally

SamplesHis mother's death left him in a daze.
He was numb with shock.

Synonymsdaze, stupor

Broader (hypernym)stupefaction

2. shock (act) the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat

SamplesThe armies met in the shock of battle.


Broader (hypernym)combat, fight, fighting, scrap

3. shock (act) a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body

SamplesSubjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response.
Electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks.

Synonymselectric shock, electrical shock

Broader (hypernym)inborn reflex, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, physiological reaction, reflex, reflex action, reflex response, unconditioned reflex

4. shock (state) (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor

SamplesLoss of blood is an important cause of shock.

Broader (hypernym)collapse, prostration

Narrower (hyponym)cardiogenic shock, distributive shock, hypovolemic shock, insulin reaction, insulin shock, obstructive shock

Domain categorypathology

5. shock (event) an instance of agitation of the earth's crust

SamplesThe first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch.

Synonymsseismic disturbance

Broader (hypernym)earthquake, quake, seism, temblor

6. shock (event) an unpleasant or disappointing surprise

SamplesIt came as a shock to learn that he was injured.


Broader (hypernym)surprise

Narrower (hyponym)blip

7. shock (group) a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field

SamplesCorn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks.
Whole fields of wheat in shock.

Broader (hypernym)agglomerate, cumulation, cumulus, heap, mound, pile

8. shock (group) a bushy thick mass (especially hair)

SamplesHe had an unruly shock of black hair.

Broader (hypernym)mass

9. shock (event) a sudden jarring impact

SamplesThe door closed with a jolt.
All the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers.

Synonymsjar, jolt, jounce

Broader (hypernym)blow, bump

10. shock (artifact) a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses

SamplesThe old car needed a new set of shocks.

Synonymscushion, shock absorber

Broader (hypernym)damper, muffler

Narrower (hyponym)air cushion, air spring

Part meronymsuspension, suspension system

English verb: shock

1. shock (emotion) surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off

SamplesI was floored when I heard that I was promoted.

ExamplesThe bad news will shock him, The good news will shock her

Synonymsball over, blow out of the water, floor, take aback

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)surprise

Narrower (hyponym)galvanise, galvanize, startle

2. shock (emotion) strike with disgust or revulsion

SamplesThe scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends.

ExamplesThe performance is likely to shock Sue

Synonymsappal, appall, offend, outrage, scandalise, scandalize

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)churn up, disgust, nauseate, revolt, sicken

3. shock (emotion) strike with horror or terror

SamplesThe news of the bombing shocked her.

ExamplesThe bad news will shock him, The performance is likely to shock Sue

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)alarm, appal, appall, dismay, horrify

4. shock (contact) collide violently

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)clash, collide

5. shock (contact) collect or gather into shocks

SamplesShock grain.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)collect, garner, gather, pull together

6. shock (body) subject to electrical shocks

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)care for, treat

Narrower (hyponym)galvanise, galvanize

7. shock (body) inflict a trauma upon

Synonymstraumatise, traumatize

Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)injure, wound

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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