English dictionary

Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English noun: burden

1. burden (cognition) an onerous or difficult concern

SamplesThe burden of responsibility.
That's a load off my mind.

Synonymsencumbrance, incumbrance, load, onus

Broader (hypernym)concern, headache, vexation, worry

Narrower (hyponym)dead weight, fardel, imposition, pill

2. burden (artifact) weight to be borne or conveyed

Synonymsload, loading

Broader (hypernym)weight

Narrower (hyponym)burthen, dead load, live load, millstone, overburden, overload, overload, superload

3. burden (communication) the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

Synonymscore, effect, essence, gist

Broader (hypernym)import, meaning, significance, signification

4. burden (cognition) the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse

Broader (hypernym)idea, thought

English verb: burden

1. burden (contact) weight down with a load

Synonymsburthen, weight, weight down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s something with something

Broader (hypernym)charge

Narrower (hyponym)overburden, plumb, saddle

Antonymsdisburden, unburden

2. burden (communication) impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

SamplesHe charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend.

Synonymscharge, saddle

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody with something

Broader (hypernym)command, require

Narrower (hyponym)adjure, bear down, deluge, flood out, overburden, overwhelm

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