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English noun: burden

1. burden (cognition) an onerous or difficult concern


SamplesThe burden of responsibility.
That's a load off my mind.


Synonymsencumbrance, incumbrance, load, onus


Broader (hypernym)concern, headache, vexation, worry


Narrower (hyponym)dead weight, fardel, imposition, pill

2. burden (artifact) weight to be borne or conveyed


Synonymsload, loading


Broader (hypernym)weight


Narrower (hyponym)burthen, dead load, live load, millstone, overburden, overload, overload, superload

3. burden (communication) the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work


Synonymscore, effect, essence, gist


Broader (hypernym)import, meaning, significance, signification

4. burden (cognition) the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse


Broader (hypernym)idea, thought


English verb: burden

1. burden (contact) weight down with a load


Synonymsburthen, weight, weight down


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s something with something


Broader (hypernym)charge


Narrower (hyponym)overburden, plumb, saddle


Antonymsdisburden, unburden

2. burden (communication) impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to


SamplesHe charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend.


Synonymscharge, saddle


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody with something


Broader (hypernym)command, require


Narrower (hyponym)adjure, bear down, deluge, flood out, overburden, overwhelm









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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