English dictionary

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English noun: language

1. language (communication) a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols

SamplesHe taught foreign languages.
The language introduced is standard throughout the text.
The speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written.

Synonymslinguistic communication

Broader (hypernym)communication

Narrower (hyponym)artificial language, barrage, bombardment, dead language, indigenous language, interlanguage, koine, lingua franca, linguistic string, metalanguage, native language, natural language, object language, onslaught, outpouring, sign language, signing, slanguage, source language, string of words, superstrate, superstratum, target language, tongue, usage, word string, words

Domain category membersaccent, accent mark, alphabetize, crystal clear, diachronic, expressive style, historical, language, limpid, lucid, luculent, oral communication, pellucid, perspicuous, speech, speech communication, spoken communication, spoken language, style, synchronic, uncorrupted, undefiled, voice communication, well-turned

2. language (communication) (language) communication by word of mouth

SamplesHis speech was garbled.
He uttered harsh language.
He recorded the spoken language of the streets.

Synonymsoral communication, speech, speech communication, spoken communication, spoken language, voice communication

Broader (hypernym)auditory communication

Narrower (hyponym)charm, conversation, dictation, discussion, expression, give-and-take, idiolect, locution, magic spell, magical spell, monologue, monologue, non-standard speech, orthoepy, pronunciation, saying, soliloquy, spell, word, words

Domain categorylanguage, linguistic communication

3. language (communication) the text of a popular song or musical-comedy number

SamplesHis compositions always started with the lyrics.
He wrote both words and music.
The song uses colloquial language.

Synonymslyric, words

Broader (hypernym)text, textual matter

Narrower (hyponym)love lyric

Part meronymsong, vocal

4. language (cognition) the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication

SamplesHe didn't have the language to express his feelings.

Synonymslinguistic process

Broader (hypernym)higher cognitive process

Narrower (hyponym)reading

5. language (cognition) the mental faculty or power of vocal communication

SamplesLanguage sets homo sapiens apart from all other animals.


Broader (hypernym)faculty, mental faculty, module

Part holonymlexicon, lexis, mental lexicon, vocabulary

Domain category membersverbalise, verbalize

6. language (communication) a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline

SamplesLegal terminology.
Biological nomenclature.
The language of sociology.

Synonymsnomenclature, terminology

Broader (hypernym)word

Narrower (hyponym)markup language, toponomy, toponymy

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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