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English noun: handicap

1. handicap (state) the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness

SamplesReading disability.
Hearing impairment.

Synonymsdisability, disablement, impairment

Broader (hypernym)softness, unfitness

Narrower (hyponym)amputation, anorgasmia, astasia, bandy leg, bandy legs, bandyleg, bow leg, bow leg, bow legs, bowleg, descensus, disability of walking, disintegration, dysomia, dysphasia, genu valgum, genu varum, hearing disorder, hearing impairment, hypesthesia, hypoesthesia, knock-knee, pigeon toes, prolapse, prolapsus, tibia valga, tibia vara, vision defect, visual defect, visual disorder, visual impairment

2. handicap (attribute) advantage given to a competitor to equalize chances of winning

Broader (hypernym)advantage, vantage

Narrower (hyponym)penalty, scratch

3. handicap (cognition) something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress

Synonymsbalk, baulk, check, deterrent, hinderance, hindrance, impediment

Broader (hypernym)difficulty

Narrower (hyponym)albatross, bind, diriment impediment, drag, millstone, obstacle, obstruction, straitjacket

English verb: handicap

1. handicap (body) injure permanently

SamplesHe was disabled in a car accident.

Synonymsdisable, incapacitate, invalid

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)injure, wound

Narrower (hyponym)hock

2. handicap (competition) attempt to forecast the winner (especially in a horse race) and assign odds for or against a contestant

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bias

3. handicap (competition) put at a disadvantage

SamplesThe brace I have to wear is hindering my movements.

Synonymshamper, hinder

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)disadvantage, disfavor, disfavour

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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