English dictionary



Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English adjective: spare

1. spare thin and fit


SamplesThe spare figure of a marathon runner.
A body kept trim by exercise.


Synonymstrim


Similarlean, thin


Antonymsfat

2. spare more than is needed, desired, or required


SamplesTrying to lose excess weight.
Found some extra change lying on the dresser.
Yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant.
Skills made redundant by technological advance.
Sleeping in the spare room.
Supernumerary ornamentation.
It was supererogatory of her to gloat.
Delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words.
Extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts.
Surplus cheese distributed to the needy.


Synonymsexcess, extra, redundant, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, surplus


Similarunnecessary, unneeded


Antonymsnecessary

3. spare not taken up by scheduled activities


SamplesA free hour between classes.
Spare time on my hands.


Synonymsfree


Similarunoccupied


Antonymsoccupied

4. spare kept in reserve especially for emergency use


SamplesA reserve supply of food.
A spare tire.
Spare parts.


Similarunnecessary, unneeded


Antonymsnecessary

5. spare lacking in amplitude or quantity


SamplesA bare livelihood.
A scanty harvest.
A spare diet.


Synonymsbare, scanty


Similarmeager, meagerly, meagre, scrimpy, stingy


Antonymsample

6. spare lacking embellishment or ornamentation


SamplesA plain hair style.
Unembellished white walls.
Functional architecture featuring stark unornamented concrete.


Synonymsbare, plain, unembellished, unornamented


Similarunadorned, undecorated


Antonymsadorned, decorated


English noun: spare

1. spare (artifact) an extra component of a machine or other apparatus


Synonymsspare part


Broader (hypernym)component, constituent, element

2. spare (artifact) an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle


Synonymsfifth wheel


Broader (hypernym)car wheel

3. spare (act) a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls


Broader (hypernym)score


English verb: spare

1. spare (social) refrain from harming


ExamplesThey spare him from writing the letter


Synonymssave


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)forbear, refrain


Narrower (hyponym)favor, favour

2. spare (social) save or relieve from an experience or action


SamplesI'll spare you from having to apologize formally.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody something.
Somebody ----s somebody PP


Broader (hypernym)exempt, free, relieve

3. spare (possession) give up what is not strictly needed


SamplesHe asked if they could spare one of their horses to speed his journey.


Synonymsdispense with, give up, part with


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)give

4. spare (consumption) use frugally or carefully


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)expend, use









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