English dictionary

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English noun: refrain

1. refrain (communication) the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers


Broader (hypernym)music

Narrower (hyponym)tra-la, tra-la-la

Part meronymsong, vocal

English verb: refrain

1. refrain (stative) resist doing something

SamplesHe refrained from hitting him back.
She could not forbear weeping.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Narrower (hyponym)abstain, forbear, help, help oneself, hold back, leave, leave alone, leave behind, let it go, save, sit out, spare, stand by

Antonymsact, move

2. refrain (consumption) choose not to consume

SamplesI abstain from alcohol.

Synonymsabstain, desist

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP.
Somebody ----s VERB-ing

Narrower (hyponym)avoid, fast, fast, keep off, teetotal

Antonymsingest, consume, have, take in, take

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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