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English noun: refrain

1. refrain (communication) the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers


Synonymschorus


Broader (hypernym)music


Narrower (hyponym)tra-la, tra-la-la


Part meronymsong, vocal


English verb: refrain

1. refrain (stative) resist doing something


SamplesHe refrained from hitting him back.
She could not forbear weeping.


Synonymsforbear


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Narrower (hyponym)abstain, forbear, help, help oneself, hold back, leave, leave alone, leave behind, let it go, save, sit out, spare, stand by


Antonymsact, move

2. refrain (consumption) choose not to consume


SamplesI abstain from alcohol.


Synonymsabstain, desist


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP.
Somebody ----s VERB-ing


Narrower (hyponym)avoid, fast, fast, keep off, teetotal


Antonymsingest, consume, have, take in, take









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