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English noun: bruise

1. bruise (state) an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration


Broader (hypernym)harm, hurt, injury, trauma

Narrower (hyponym)black eye, ecchymosis, mouse, petechia, shiner

English verb: bruise

1. bruise (contact) injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of

SamplesI bruised my knee.

ExamplesDid he bruise his foot?


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)injure, wound

Narrower (hyponym)crush, jam

2. bruise (emotion) hurt the feelings of

SamplesShe hurt me when she did not include me among her guests.
This remark really bruised my ego.

Synonymshurt, injure, offend, spite, wound

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)arouse, elicit, enkindle, evoke, fire, kindle, provoke, raise

Narrower (hyponym)abase, affront, chagrin, diss, humble, humiliate, insult, lacerate, mortify, sting

3. bruise (change) break up into small pieces for food preparation

SamplesBruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)crush

Domain categorycookery, cooking, preparation

4. bruise (change) damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure

SamplesThe customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)damage

Domain categoryflora, plant, plant life

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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