English dictionary

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English noun: shadow

1. shadow (state) shade within clear boundaries

Broader (hypernym)shade, shadiness, shadowiness

Narrower (hyponym)penumbra, umbra

2. shadow (location) an unilluminated area

SamplesHe moved off into the darkness.

Synonymsdark, darkness

Broader (hypernym)scene

3. shadow (cognition) something existing in perception only

SamplesA ghostly apparition at midnight.

Synonymsapparition, fantasm, phantasm, phantasma, phantom

Broader (hypernym)illusion, semblance

Narrower (hyponym)Flying Dutchman, flying saucer, ghost, shade, specter, spectre, spook, UFO, unidentified flying object, wraith

4. shadow (feeling) a premonition of something adverse

SamplesA shadow over his happiness.

Broader (hypernym)boding, foreboding, premonition, presentiment

5. shadow (communication) an indication that something has been present

SamplesThere wasn't a trace of evidence for the claim.
A tincture of condescension.

Synonymstincture, trace, vestige

Broader (hypernym)indicant, indication

Narrower (hyponym)footprint

6. shadow (attribute) refuge from danger or observation

SamplesHe felt secure in his father's shadow.

Broader (hypernym)recourse, refuge, resort

7. shadow (state) a dominating and pervasive presence

SamplesHe received little recognition working in the shadow of his father.

Broader (hypernym)presence

8. shadow (person) a spy employed to follow someone and report their movements

Synonymsshadower, tail

Broader (hypernym)follower, spy

9. shadow (person) an inseparable companion

SamplesThe poor child was his mother's shadow.

Broader (hypernym)follower

English verb: shadow

1. shadow (motion) follow, usually without the person's knowledge

SamplesThe police are shadowing her.

ExamplesSam cannot shadow Sue

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)follow

2. shadow (weather) cast a shadow over

Synonymsshade, shade off

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)darken

3. shadow (stative) make appear small by comparison

SamplesThis year's debt dwarfs that of last year.

Synonymsdwarf, overshadow

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)command, dominate, overlook, overtop

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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