English dictionary

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English noun: gum

1. gum (food) a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing

Synonymschewing gum

Broader (hypernym)confection, sweet

Narrower (hyponym)bubble gum, gum ball

Substance holonymchicle, chicle gum

2. gum (body) the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth


Broader (hypernym)animal tissue

Part meronymmouth, oral cavity, oral fissure, rima oris

3. gum (substance) any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying

Broader (hypernym)exudate, exudation

Narrower (hyponym)agar, agar-agar, algin, alginic acid, ammoniac, balata, Bengal kino, butea gum, butea kino, carrageenan, carrageenin, cherry-tree gum, chicle, chicle gum, conima, dragon's blood, eucalyptus gum, eucalyptus kino, euphorbium, frankincense, galbanum, ghatti, ghatti gum, guar gum, gum acacia, gum albanum, gum ammoniac, gum arabic, gum butea, gum eurphorbium, gum kino, gum olibanum, gum sangapenum, gutta balata, gutta-percha, karaya gum, kino, kino gum, lacquer, liquidambar, mesquite gum, mucilage, olibanum, opopanax, red gum, sangapenum, sterculia gum, sweet gum, thus, tragacanth

4. gum (substance) cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive

Synonymsglue, mucilage

Broader (hypernym)cement

Narrower (hyponym)animal glue, casein glue, fish glue, marine glue

5. gum (plant) wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum


Broader (hypernym)wood

Narrower (hyponym)hazelwood, red gum, satin walnut, sweet gum

Substance meronymgum, gum tree

6. gum (plant) any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum

Synonymsgum tree

Broader (hypernym)tree

Narrower (hyponym)eucalypt, eucalyptus, eucalyptus tree, liquidambar, tupelo, tupelo tree

Substance holonymgum, gumwood

English verb: gum

1. gum (contact) cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum

SamplesIf you gum the tape it is stronger.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)apply, put on

2. gum (consumption) grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty

SamplesThe old man had no teeth left and mumbled his food.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)chew, jaw, manducate, masticate

3. gum (change) become sticky

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change

4. gum (body) exude or form gum

SamplesThese trees gum in the Spring.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)exudate, exude, ooze, ooze out, transude

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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