English dictionary

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English noun: spoil

1. spoil (possession) (usually plural) valuables taken by violence (especially in war)

SamplesTo the victor belong the spoils of the enemy.

Broader (hypernym)stolen property

Domain usageplural, plural form

2. spoil (act) the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it

SamplesHer spoiling my dress was deliberate.

Synonymsspoilage, spoiling

Broader (hypernym)injury

3. spoil (act) the act of stripping and taking by force

Synonymsdespoilation, despoilment, despoliation, spoilation, spoliation

Broader (hypernym)pillage, pillaging, plundering

English verb: spoil

1. spoil (social) make a mess of, destroy or ruin

SamplesI botched the dinner and we had to eat out.
The pianist screwed up the difficult passage in the second movement.

Synonymsball up, blow, bobble, bodge, bollix, bollix up, bollocks, bollocks up, botch, botch up, bumble, bungle, flub, fluff, foul up, fuck up, fumble, louse up, mess up, mishandle, muck up, muff, screw up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fail, go wrong, miscarry

2. spoil (change) become unfit for consumption or use

SamplesThe meat must be eaten before it spoils.

Synonymsgo bad

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)decay

Narrower (hyponym)addle, curdle

3. spoil (change) alter from the original


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)modify

Narrower (hyponym)adulterate, debase, dilute, load, stretch

4. spoil (social) treat with excessive indulgence

SamplesGrandparents often pamper the children.
Let's not mollycoddle our students!.

Synonymsbaby, cocker, coddle, cosset, featherbed, indulge, mollycoddle, pamper

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)do by, handle, treat

5. spoil (social) hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of

SamplesWhat ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge.
Foil your opponent.

Synonymsbaffle, bilk, cross, foil, frustrate, queer, scotch, thwart

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent

Narrower (hyponym)dash, disappoint, let down, ruin, short-circuit

6. spoil (emotion) have a strong desire or urge to do something

SamplesShe is itching to start the project.
He is spoiling for a fight.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)desire, want

7. spoil (contact) destroy and strip of its possession

SamplesThe soldiers raped the beautiful country.

Synonymsdespoil, plunder, rape, violate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)destroy, ruin

8. spoil (change) make imperfect

SamplesNothing marred her beauty.

Synonymsdeflower, impair, mar, vitiate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)damage

Narrower (hyponym)blemish, cloud, corrupt, deface, defile, disfigure, sully, taint

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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