English dictionary

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English noun: case

1. case (event) an occurrence of something

SamplesIt was a case of bad judgment.
Another instance occurred yesterday.
But there is always the famous example of the Smiths.

Synonymsexample, instance

Broader (hypernym)happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent

Narrower (hyponym)bit, clip, humiliation, mortification, piece, time

2. case (state) a special set of circumstances

SamplesIn that event, the first possibility is excluded.
It may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled.


Broader (hypernym)circumstance

3. case (act) a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy

SamplesThe family brought suit against the landlord.

Synonymscausa, cause, lawsuit, suit

Broader (hypernym)legal proceeding, proceeding, proceedings

Narrower (hyponym)bastardy proceeding, civil suit, class action, class-action suit, countersuit, criminal suit, moot, paternity suit

Domain categoryjurisprudence, law

4. case (cognition) the actual state of things

SamplesThat was not the case.

Broader (hypernym)fact

5. case (artifact) a portable container for carrying several objects

SamplesThe musicians left their instrument cases backstage.

Broader (hypernym)container

Narrower (hyponym)baggage, billfold, briefcase, cardcase, cigarette case, compact, dispatch box, dispatch case, glasses case, gun case, kit, letter case, locket, luggage, notecase, pillbox, pocketbook, portfolio, powder compact, quiver, shoe, sleeve, wallet, watch case, writing desk

6. case (person) a person requiring professional services

SamplesA typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor.

Broader (hypernym)individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul

Narrower (hyponym)charity case, client, patient, referral, welfare case

7. case (person) a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation

SamplesThe subjects for this investigation were selected randomly.
The cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities.

Synonymsguinea pig, subject

Broader (hypernym)individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul

8. case (communication) a problem requiring investigation

SamplesPerry Mason solved the case of the missing heir.

Broader (hypernym)problem

9. case (communication) a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument

SamplesHe stated his case clearly.

Broader (hypernym)argument, statement

10. case (quantity) the quantity contained in a case


Broader (hypernym)containerful

11. case (communication) nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence

Synonymsgrammatical case

Broader (hypernym)grammatical category, syntactic category

Narrower (hyponym)nominative, nominative case, oblique, oblique case, subject case

12. case (state) a specific state of mind that is temporary

SamplesA case of the jitters.

Broader (hypernym)frame of mind, state of mind

13. case (person) a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities)

SamplesA real character.
A strange character.
A friendly eccentric.
The capable type.
A mental case.

Synonymscharacter, eccentric, type

Broader (hypernym)adult, grownup

14. case (communication) a specific size and style of type within a type family

Synonymsface, font, fount, typeface

Broader (hypernym)type

Narrower (hyponym)bicameral script, black letter, bold, bold face, boldface, cartridge font, constant-width font, fixed-width font, font cartridge, Gothic, Helvetica, italic, monospaced font, proportional font, raster font, sans serif, screen font, typewriter font, unicameral script

Member meronymtype family

15. case (body) an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part


Broader (hypernym)cover, covering, natural covering

Narrower (hyponym)husk, lorica, medullary sheath, myelin sheath, neurilemma, neurolemma, theca

16. case (artifact) the housing or outer covering of something

SamplesThe clock has a walnut case.

Synonymscasing, shell

Broader (hypernym)housing

Narrower (hyponym)boot, gear box, gear case, gearbox, jacket

Part meronymgrandfather clock, longcase clock

17. case (artifact) the enclosing frame around a door or window opening

SamplesThe casings had rotted away and had to be replaced.


Broader (hypernym)framework

Part meronymdoor, doorway, room access, threshold, window

18. case (artifact) (printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers

SamplesFor English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters.

Synonymscompositor's case, typesetter's case

Broader (hypernym)receptacle

Domain categoryprinting

19. case (artifact) bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow

SamplesThe burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase.

Synonymspillow slip, pillowcase, slip

Broader (hypernym)bed linen

20. case (artifact) a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home

Synonymsdisplay case, showcase, vitrine

Broader (hypernym)container

Narrower (hyponym)trophy case

English verb: case

1. case (perception) look over, usually with the intention to rob

SamplesThey men cased the housed.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)inspect

2. case (contact) enclose in, or as if in, a case

SamplesMy feet were encased in mud.

ExamplesThey case the goods

Synonymsencase, incase

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)close in, enclose, inclose, shut in

Narrower (hyponym)box, crate, pack, package, sack

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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