English dictionary



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English noun: need

1. need (state) a condition requiring relief


SamplesShe satisfied his need for affection.
God has no need of men to accomplish His work.
There is a demand for jobs.


Synonymsdemand


Broader (hypernym)condition, status


Narrower (hyponym)deficiency, lack, necessity, want

2. need (object) anything that is necessary but lacking


SamplesHe had sufficient means to meet his simple needs.
I tried to supply his wants.


Synonymswant


Broader (hypernym)essential, necessary, necessity, requirement, requisite

3. need the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior


SamplesWe did not understand his motivation.
He acted with the best of motives.


Synonymsmotivation, motive


Broader (hypernym)psychological feature


Narrower (hyponym)ethical motive, ethics, impulse, irrational motive, life, mental energy, morality, morals, psychic energy, rational motive, urge

4. need (state) a state of extreme poverty or destitution


SamplesTheir indigence appalled him.
A general state of need exists among the homeless.


Synonymsindigence, pauperism, pauperization, penury


Broader (hypernym)impoverishment, poorness, poverty


Narrower (hyponym)beggary, mendicancy, mendicity


English verb: need

1. need (stative) require as useful, just, or proper


SamplesIt takes nerve to do what she did.
Success usually requires hard work.
This job asks a lot of patience and skill.
This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice.
This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert.
This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent.


ExamplesThey need him to write the letter


Synonymsask, call for, demand, involve, necessitate, postulate, require, take


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)claim, compel, cost, cry for, cry out for, draw, exact, govern, take


Verb groupclaim, exact, take


Antonymsobviate, rid of, eliminate

2. need (consumption) have need of


SamplesThis piano wants the attention of a competent tuner.


ExamplesThey need more bread, They need him to write the letter, They need to move


Synonymsrequire, want


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)be


Narrower (hyponym)cry

3. need (consumption) have or feel a need for


SamplesAlways needing friends and money.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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