English dictionary

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English noun: need

1. need (state) a condition requiring relief

SamplesShe satisfied his need for affection.
God has no need of men to accomplish His work.
There is a demand for jobs.


Broader (hypernym)condition, status

Narrower (hyponym)deficiency, lack, necessity, want

2. need (object) anything that is necessary but lacking

SamplesHe had sufficient means to meet his simple needs.
I tried to supply his wants.


Broader (hypernym)essential, necessary, necessity, requirement, requisite

3. need the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior

SamplesWe did not understand his motivation.
He acted with the best of motives.

Synonymsmotivation, motive

Broader (hypernym)psychological feature

Narrower (hyponym)ethical motive, ethics, impulse, irrational motive, life, mental energy, morality, morals, psychic energy, rational motive, urge

4. need (state) a state of extreme poverty or destitution

SamplesTheir indigence appalled him.
A general state of need exists among the homeless.

Synonymsindigence, pauperism, pauperization, penury

Broader (hypernym)impoverishment, poorness, poverty

Narrower (hyponym)beggary, mendicancy, mendicity

English verb: need

1. need (stative) require as useful, just, or proper

SamplesIt takes nerve to do what she did.
Success usually requires hard work.
This job asks a lot of patience and skill.
This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice.
This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert.
This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent.

ExamplesThey need him to write the letter

Synonymsask, call for, demand, involve, necessitate, postulate, require, take

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)claim, compel, cost, cry for, cry out for, draw, exact, govern, take

Verb groupclaim, exact, take

Antonymsobviate, rid of, eliminate

2. need (consumption) have need of

SamplesThis piano wants the attention of a competent tuner.

ExamplesThey need more bread, They need him to write the letter, They need to move

Synonymsrequire, want

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be

Narrower (hyponym)cry

3. need (consumption) have or feel a need for

SamplesAlways needing friends and money.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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