English noun: deficiency
|1.||deficiency (state) the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable|
|Samples||There is a serious lack of insight into the problem.|
Water is the critical deficiency in desert regions.
For want of a nail the shoe was lost.
|Broader (hypernym)||demand, need|
|Narrower (hyponym)||absence, dearth, deficit, famine, mineral deficiency, shortage, shortness, stringency, tightness|
|2.||deficiency (attribute) lack of an adequate quantity or number|
|Samples||The inadequacy of unemployment benefits.|
|Narrower (hyponym)||deficit, exiguity, leanness, meagerness, meagreness, poorness, scantiness, scantness, scarceness, scarcity, shortage, shortfall, slenderness|