English noun: refinement
|1.||refinement (state) a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality|
|Samples||They performed with great polish.|
I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose.
Almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art.
|Synonyms||cultivation, culture, finish, polish|
|Broader (hypernym)||flawlessness, ne plus ultra, perfection|
|2.||refinement (event) the result of improving something|
|Samples||He described a refinement of this technique.|
|Broader (hypernym)||advance, betterment, improvement|
|3.||refinement (process) the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)|
|4.||refinement (communication) a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude|
|Samples||Without understanding the finer nuances you can't enjoy the humor.|
Don't argue about shades of meaning.
|Synonyms||nicety, nuance, shade, subtlety|
|Broader (hypernym)||import, meaning, significance, signification|
|5.||refinement (attribute) the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste|
|Samples||A man of intellectual refinement.|
He is remembered for his generosity and civilization.