English dictionary

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English noun: promise

1. promise (communication) a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future

Broader (hypernym)commitment, dedication, speech act

Narrower (hyponym)betrothal, engagement, oath, parole, pinning, rain check, troth, word, word of honor

2. promise (cognition) grounds for feeling hopeful about the future

SamplesThere is little or no promise that he will recover.


Broader (hypernym)expectation, outlook, prospect

Narrower (hyponym)rainbow

English verb: promise

1. promise (communication) make a promise or commitment

ExamplesThey promise him to write the letter


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)declare

Narrower (hyponym)contract, guarantee, pledge, plight, swear off, undertake, undertake

2. promise (communication) promise to undertake or give

SamplesI promise you my best effort.

ExamplesThey promise the money to them , They promise them the money

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody something.
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Broader (hypernym)declare

3. promise (communication) make a prediction about; tell in advance

SamplesCall the outcome of an election.

Synonymsanticipate, call, forebode, foretell, predict, prognosticate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)guess, hazard, pretend, venture

Narrower (hyponym)augur, bet, calculate, forecast, outguess, prophesy, read, second-guess, vaticinate, wager

4. promise (stative) give grounds for expectations

SamplesThe new results were promising.
The results promised fame and glory.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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