English dictionary

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English noun: file

1. file (communication) a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together

Synonymsdata file

Broader (hypernym)record

Narrower (hyponym)computer file, mug book, mug file, tickler, tickler file

Instance hyponymCombined DNA Index System

2. file (group) a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other

SynonymsIndian file, single file

Broader (hypernym)line

Narrower (hyponym)column, snake dance

3. file (artifact) office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order

Synonymsfile cabinet, filing cabinet

Broader (hypernym)office furniture

Narrower (hyponym)card catalog, card catalogue, card index, vertical file

4. file (artifact) a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

Broader (hypernym)hand tool

Narrower (hyponym)blunt file, flat file, nailfile, rasp, rat-tail file, round file, taper file, wood file

Part holonymhaft, helve

English verb: file

1. file (communication) record in a public office or in a court of law

SamplesFile for divorce.
File a complaint.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)register

Narrower (hyponym)trademark

Domain categoryjurisprudence, law

2. file (contact) smooth with a file

SamplesFile one's fingernails.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)smooth, smoothen


3. file (motion) proceed in line

SamplesThe students filed into the classroom.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)march, process

4. file (communication) file a formal charge against

SamplesThe suspect was charged with murdering his wife.

Synonymscharge, lodge

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody with something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)accuse, criminate, impeach, incriminate

Narrower (hyponym)impeach

5. file (communication) place in a container for keeping records

SamplesFile these bills, please.

ExamplesThey file the newspapers

Synonymsfile away

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)enter, put down, record

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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