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English verb: break down

1. break down (competition) make ineffective


SamplesMartin Luther King tried to break down racial discrimination.


Synonymscrush


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

2. break down (cognition) make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of; break down into components or essential features


SamplesAnalyze a specimen.
Analyze a sentence.
Analyze a chemical compound.


Synonymsanalyse, analyze, dissect, take apart


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)botanise, botanize, parse


Antonymssynthesise, synthesize

3. break down (emotion) lose control of one's emotions


SamplesWhen she heard that she had not passed the exam, she lost it completely.
When her baby died, she snapped.


ExamplesSam and Sue break down


Synonymslose it, snap


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)act, behave, do


Narrower (hyponym)die, dissolve, fall apart, go to pieces

4. break down (change) stop operating or functioning


SamplesThe engine finally went.
The car died on the road.
The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town.
The coffee maker broke.
The engine failed on the way to town.
Her eyesight went after the accident.


ExamplesThese cars won't break down


Synonymsbreak, conk out, die, fail, give out, give way, go, go bad


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change


Narrower (hyponym)blow, blow out, burn out, crash, go down, malfunction, misfire, misfunction


Verb groupbreak, buy the farm, cash in one's chips, choke, conk, croak, decease, die, drop dead, exit, expire, give-up the ghost, go, kick the bucket, pass, pass away, perish, pop off, snuff it

5. break down (motion) fall apart


SamplesThe building crumbled after the explosion.
Negotiations broke down.


Synonymscollapse, crumble, crumple, tumble


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change integrity

6. break down (contact) cause to fall or collapse


ExamplesThey want to break down the doors


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)break, bust


Causebreak down, collapse, crumble, crumple, tumble

7. break down (change) separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts


Synonymsbreak up, decompose


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)separate


Narrower (hyponym)crack, digest, dissociate


Domain categorychemical science, chemistry

8. break down (body) collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack


ExamplesSam and Sue break down


Synonymscollapse


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)get, have, suffer, sustain


Narrower (hyponym)drop like flies, fall over, go over









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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