English dictionary

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English noun: stain

1. stain (attribute) a soiled or discolored appearance

SamplesThe wine left a dark stain.

Synonymsdiscoloration, discolouration

Broader (hypernym)appearance, visual aspect

Narrower (hyponym)bloodstain, iron mold, iron mould, mud stain, oil stain, scorch, tarnish

2. stain (substance) (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible

Broader (hypernym)color, coloring material, colour, colouring material

Narrower (hyponym)counterstain, crystal violet, gentian violet, methylene blue, methylthionine chloride

Domain categorymicroscopy

3. stain (state) the state of being covered with unclean things

Synonymsdirt, filth, grease, grime, grunge, soil

Broader (hypernym)dirtiness, uncleanness

4. stain (communication) a symbol of disgrace or infamy

SamplesAnd the Lord set a mark upon Cain.

Synonymsbrand, mark, stigma

Broader (hypernym)symbol

Narrower (hyponym)bar sinister, bend sinister, cloven foot, cloven hoof, demerit

5. stain (act) an act that brings discredit to the person who does it

SamplesHe made a huge blot on his copybook.

Synonymsblot, smear, smirch, spot

Broader (hypernym)error, fault, mistake

English verb: stain

1. stain (change) color with a liquid dye or tint

SamplesStain this table a beautiful walnut color.
People knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)dye

Narrower (hyponym)dip, ebonise, ebonize, marble, tattoo, vein

2. stain (change) produce or leave stains

SamplesRed wine stains the table cloth.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)smut

Verb groupblob, blot, fleck, spot

3. stain (contact) make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically

SamplesThe silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air.
Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man.

Synonymsdefile, maculate, sully, tarnish

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)blob, blot, fleck, spot

Narrower (hyponym)darken

4. stain (change) color for microscopic study

SamplesThe laboratory worker dyed the specimen.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)dye

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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