English dictionary

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English verb: irritate

1. irritate (emotion) cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations

SamplesMosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me.
It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves.

ExamplesThe bad news will irritate him, The performance is likely to irritate Sue

Synonymsannoy, bother, chafe, devil, get at, get to, gravel, nark, nettle, rag, rile, vex

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)displease

Narrower (hyponym)antagonise, antagonize, beset, chevvy, chevy, chivvy, chivy, eat into, fret, fret, get, get under one's skin, grate, harass, harry, hassle, molest, peeve, plague, provoke, rankle, ruffle

Verb groupchafe

2. irritate (body) excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame

SamplesAspirin irritates my stomach.

Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate, worsen

Narrower (hyponym)chafe, fret, gall, itch, rub, scratch


3. irritate (change) excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus

SamplesIrritate the glands of a leaf.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)excite, stimulate

Narrower (hyponym)pinch, vellicate

Domain categoryphysiology

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