English dictionary

Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English adjective: substitute

1. substitute capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team

SamplesA utility infielder.




2. substitute serving or used in place of another

SamplesAn alternative plan.

Synonymsalternate, alternative



3. substitute artificial and inferior

SamplesErsatz coffee.
Substitute coffee.


Similarartificial, unreal


English noun: substitute

1. substitute (cognition) a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another


Broader (hypernym)equivalent

Narrower (hyponym)ersatz, succedaneum, successor

2. substitute (person) an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced

Synonymsreserve, second-stringer

Broader (hypernym)athlete, jock

Narrower (hyponym)bench warmer, pinch hitter

Member meronymbench

3. substitute (person) someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)

SamplesThe star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes.
We need extra employees for summer fill-ins.

Synonymsbackup, backup man, fill-in, relief, reliever, stand-in

Broader (hypernym)compeer, equal, match, peer

Narrower (hyponym)alternate, double, locum, locum tenens, replacement, stunt man, stunt woman, surrogate

English verb: substitute

1. substitute (possession) put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items

SamplesThe con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt.
Substitute regular milk with fat-free milk.
Synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning.

Synonymsexchange, interchange, replace

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP.
Somebody ----s something with something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)reduce, retool, shift, subrogate, truncate

2. substitute (possession) be a substitute

SamplesThe young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague.
The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet.

Synonymsfill in, stand in, sub

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)change, exchange, interchange

3. substitute (social) act as a substitute

SamplesShe stood in for the soprano who suffered from a cold.

Synonymsdeputise, deputize, step in

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)replace, supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant

Narrower (hyponym)cover

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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