English adjective: substitute
|1.||substitute capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team|
|Samples||A utility infielder.|
|2.||substitute serving or used in place of another|
|Samples||An alternative plan.|
|3.||substitute artificial and inferior|
English noun: substitute
|1.||substitute (cognition) a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another|
|Narrower (hyponym)||ersatz, succedaneum, successor|
|2.||substitute (person) an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced|
|Broader (hypernym)||athlete, jock|
|Narrower (hyponym)||bench warmer, pinch hitter|
|3.||substitute (person) someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)|
|Samples||The star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes.|
We need extra employees for summer fill-ins.
|Synonyms||backup, backup man, fill-in, relief, reliever, stand-in|
|Broader (hypernym)||compeer, equal, match, peer|
|Narrower (hyponym)||alternate, double, locum, locum tenens, replacement, stunt man, stunt woman, surrogate|
English verb: substitute
|1.||substitute (possession) put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items|
|Samples||The con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt.|
Substitute regular milk with fat-free milk.
Synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning.
|Synonyms||exchange, interchange, replace|
|Pattern of use||Somebody ----s something.|
Somebody ----s something PP.
Somebody ----s something with something
|Broader (hypernym)||alter, change, modify|
|Narrower (hyponym)||reduce, retool, shift, subrogate, truncate|
|2.||substitute (possession) be a substitute|
|Samples||The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague.|
The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet.
|Synonyms||fill in, stand in, sub|
|Pattern of use||Somebody ----s.|
Somebody ----s PP
|Broader (hypernym)||change, exchange, interchange|
|3.||substitute (social) act as a substitute|
|Samples||She stood in for the soprano who suffered from a cold.|
|Synonyms||deputise, deputize, step in|
|Pattern of use||Somebody ----s somebody|
|Broader (hypernym)||replace, supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant|