English dictionary



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English adjective: substitute

1. substitute capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team


SamplesA utility infielder.


Synonymsutility


Similarsecondary


Antonymsprimary

2. substitute serving or used in place of another


SamplesAn alternative plan.


Synonymsalternate, alternative


Similarsecondary


Antonymsprimary

3. substitute artificial and inferior


SamplesErsatz coffee.
Substitute coffee.


Synonymsersatz


Similarartificial, unreal


Antonymsnatural


English noun: substitute

1. substitute (cognition) a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another


Synonymsreplacement


Broader (hypernym)equivalent


Narrower (hyponym)ersatz, succedaneum, successor

2. substitute (person) an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced


Synonymsreserve, second-stringer


Broader (hypernym)athlete, jock


Narrower (hyponym)bench warmer, pinch hitter


Member meronymbench

3. substitute (person) someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)


SamplesThe star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes.
We need extra employees for summer fill-ins.


Synonymsbackup, backup man, fill-in, relief, reliever, stand-in


Broader (hypernym)compeer, equal, match, peer


Narrower (hyponym)alternate, double, locum, locum tenens, replacement, stunt man, stunt woman, surrogate


English verb: substitute

1. substitute (possession) put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items


SamplesThe con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt.
Substitute regular milk with fat-free milk.
Synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning.


Synonymsexchange, interchange, replace


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP.
Somebody ----s something with something


Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify


Narrower (hyponym)reduce, retool, shift, subrogate, truncate

2. substitute (possession) be a substitute


SamplesThe young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague.
The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet.


Synonymsfill in, stand in, sub


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)change, exchange, interchange

3. substitute (social) act as a substitute


SamplesShe stood in for the soprano who suffered from a cold.


Synonymsdeputise, deputize, step in


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)replace, supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant


Narrower (hyponym)cover









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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